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American Sailing Warships 1776-1855 (c.16-120 guns)

 

(Battleship = Ship-of-the-line)

Ship Name

Type

Years

Guns

Length

Beam

Depth

Crew

Tons

Notice

Columbus

ship

1775-1778

24-28

?

?

?

220

?

Built 1774, purchased 1775.
Burned by enemy in 1778.

Boston (II)

Frigate

1776-1780

30
(24)

114-3

32-0

10-3

?

514

Captured by English 1780.
Guns: 5-12,
19-9, 2-6, 4-4

Congress (II)

Frigate

1776-1777

28

126-0

34-10

10-6

?

?

Destroyed before her outfittings was completed
to prevent her capture of enemy in 1777.

Delaware

Frigate

1776-1777

28

119-0

32-11

9-9

?

563e

Taken by Royal Navy in 1777.
(117-0,5 x 98-0,5 x 32-10,5 x 9-8,5 )
guns: 22-12, 6-6 pdr.
(28-9 in Royal Navy service.)

Hancock

Frigate

1776-1777

36

136-7
(137-1)

35-2
(34-4)

11-0,5
(10-11)

?

730
762e

Captured by English 1777.
(136-7 x 115-10,88 x 35-2 x 11-0,5 ft.),
guns : 24-12, 10-6 pdr.
Built in Newburyport.

Providence

Frigate

1776-1780

28

126-6

33-9

10-5

?

632

Captured 1780.

Raleigh

Frigate

1776-1778

32

131-5

34-5

11-0

?

696e

Captured by English 1778.
(110-7,25 ft. Keel)
Built in Portsmouth.

Randolph

Frigate

1776-1778

32

132-9

34-6

10-6
18-0dr.

(300)

697

Sunk in 1778.
Guns : 26-12, 6-6.

Reprisal

Brigantine

1776-1777

18

(100)

30-0

?

130

?

Purchased 1776 (ex merchant).
Foundered 1777. guns: 18-6 pdr.

Virginia

Frigate

1776-1778

36

126-3,5

34-4

10-5,5

?

681e

Taken by Royal Navy after grounding in 1778.
(126-3,5 x 105-7,25 x 34-10 x 10-5,5)
guns : 24-12 , 6-4, 6 swivel.

Effingham

Frigate

1777-1777

28

?

?

?

?

?

Launched 1777. Scuttled 1777. (Never completed).

General Gates
(prize)

Brigantine

1777-1779

18

?

?

?

?

?

Launched 1764. Sold 1779.

Ranger

Sloop

1777-1780

18

116-0

28-0

13-6

140

308

Takaen by Royal Navy in 1780. Guns : 18-6 pdr.

Alliance

Frigate

1778-1785

36

151-0

36-0

12-6

300

900

Sold 1785.
Guns: 28-12, 8-9 pdr.

Confederacy

Frigate

1778-1781

36

153-0

35-6

?

260

959
970e

Taken by British in 1781.
(154-9 x 133-5 x 37-0 x 12-3)
Guns : 28-12, 8-6 pdr.

Deane

Frigate

1778-1783

34

96-0

32-0

?

?

550

Built in France, and brought in States in 1778.
Renamed "Hogue" in 1782.
Decommissioned in 1783.
Guns: 24-12, 2-6, 8-4 pdr.

Bonhomme Richard

Frigate

1779-1779

42

152-0

40-0

19-0

375-
380

998

Ex French East Indiaman Duc de Durac 1765.
Given to use against the British.
Sank 1779. Guns : 6-18, 28-12, 8-9 (6-6).

Saratoga

sloop

1780-1781

18

68-0
(keel)

25-4

12-0

86

150

Foundered 1781.
Guns : 16-9, 2-4 pdr.

America

Battleship

1782-1786

74-76

182-6

50-6

23-0

626

1982

Laid down in 1777 in the shipyards of John Langdon on Rising Castle Island in the Pisc ataqua between Portsmouth, N.H., and kittery, Maine, and it suppose to be in Continental Navy's first ship-of-the-line, but it was given to King of France in 1782. She was broken up 1786.She was armed first by Americans with 30-18,32-12,14-9.

General Washington

ship

1782-1784

24

130-9

32-8

?

?

?

Purchased 1782.Sold 1784.
Guns : 24-9 pdr.

Constellation

Frigate /
Sloop

1797-1955

38/
22-24

164-0

41-0

13-6

340

1265
(1278)

Decommissioned 1955.
Guns : 28-24, 10-12 pdr. And 1799: 28-18, 10-24c. pdr.
1812-1813 repair added 14" to her beam.
Rebuilt in 1854-55 as a sloop-of-war :
(176 x 41-0 x 21-3 ?) guns in 1855 : 24-8" shell gun.

Constitution

Frigate

1797-now

60-46

175-0

43-6

14-3

450

1444
1533e

Guns : 30-24,22-32carr.
Draught was 21 ft. In forward, and 23 ft. In aft.

United States

Frigate

1797-1861

56

175-0

43-6

23-6dr.

364

1576

Abandoned in 1861, when confederate troops capture of the Norfolk yard.
Guns : 32-24, 24-42c. pdr.

Baltimore

Sloop?

1798-1801

24

103-9

30-8

?

180

422

Guns : 18-9, 6-4 pdr.

Delaware

Sloop?

1798-1801

20-24

94-9

28-0

14-0

180

321

Launched 1794.
Purchased 1798. Sold 1801.
Guns : 16-9, 4/8-6 pdr.

Ganges

Sloop?

1798-1801

26

116-4

31-4

15-8

220

504

Launched 1794.
Purchased 1798. Sold 1801.
Guns: 26-9 pdr.

G. Washington

Sloop?

1798-1802

32

108-0

32-6

15-8

220

624

Launched 1793, Purchased 1798.
Sold 1802.
Guns : 24-9, 8-6 pdr.

Herald

Sloop

1798-1801

18-22

92-8

26-3,5

13-1,75

140

(279)

Purchased 1798. Sold 1801.
Guns : 16-6, 6-4 pdr.

Montezuma

Ship

1798-1799

20

?

?

16-0dr.

?

347

Purchased 1798. Sold 1799.
Guns: 20-9 pdr.

Norfolk

Brig

1798-1800

18

?

?

?

140

200

Sold 1800. Guns : 18-6 pdr.

Pinckney

Brig

1798-1800

18

?

?

?

?

195

Purchased 1798. Sold 1800.

Richmond

Brig

1798-1801

16

?

?

?

104

200

Purchased 1798. Sold 1801.

Adams

Frigate/
sloop

1799-1814

27-28

113-0/
128-0

34-0

10-9

220

530

In 1812 cut in two pieces,
and lengthened 15 feet.
her rebuilt was complety end of 1812
as a sloop-of- war.Adams scuttled by her crew
to prevent capture of English in 1814.
Guns : 24-12, 4-6(9) pdr. And 1812 : 26-18, 1-12c. pdr.

Boston (III)

Frigate

1799-1814

32-38

134-0

34-6

11-6

220-
230

400

Burned to prevent capture in 1814.
Guns : 26-12, 12-9 = 38

Chesapeake

Frigate

1799-1813

42-43

152-8
152-6

41-3

13-9
(20
-1)

340-
379

1244
1135e

Taken by Royal Navy 1813.
(151 x 127-5 x 40-11 x 13-9).
Moulded beam 40-4.
Guns: 30-18, 12-32c. Pdr. (rated 36 or 38 guns)
(28-18, 14-32c. Pdr. Under British)

Congress (III)

Frigate

1799-1834

36-44

164-0

41-0
40-6
41-5

13-4
13-6
14-3

340

1266

Broken up 1834.
Guns: 24-18, 12-12 pdr.(36)
28-18, 12-9 pdr.(40)
24-18, 20-32c. pdr.
(44)

Connecticut

Ship

1799-1801

24

?

?

?

180

492

Sold 1801.

Essex

Frigate

1799-1814

42-46

140-0

31-0

12-3

270-300

850
867e

Guns : 26-12, 16-24c.(1800), 6-12, 40-32c.(1814).
Taken by Royal Navy in 1814.
(138-7 x 117-3 x 37-3,5 x 11-9)

General Greene

Frigate

1799-1814

30-32

124-3

34-8

17-4

250

654

Hulk in 1805. Destroyed by flames in 1814.
Guns: 24-12, 8-9(6-6) pdr.

John Adams

Frigate

1799-1867

30-32

139-0

33-3
(32-0)

16-10
(16-4)

220

544

Sold 1867.
Keel length : 127-9 ft..
Guns: 24-12,  6/8-24c. pdr.

Insurgent (Prize)

Frigate

1799-1800

40

148-0

37-5

11-9dr.

340

?

Captured by Constellation from French in 1799.
Lost 1800.
Guns: 24-12, 2-18, 8-6, 4-36c, 2-24c. pdr.

Maryland

Sloop

1799-1801

26

?

?

?

180

380

Sold 1801.
Guns: 20-9, 6-6 pdr.

Merrimack

Ship

1799-1801

28

?

?

?

220

460

Sold 1801.
Guns : 20-9, 8-6 pdr.

Patapsco

Sloop?

1799-1801

20-26

87-0
(keel)

29-0

12-0

180

380

Sold 1801.
Guns : 20-9, 6-6 pdr.

Philadelphia

Frigate

1799-1803

38

157-0

39-0

13-6

307

1240

Ran aground on Kaliusa Reef off Tripoli Harbour and surrendered.
Keel : 130-0 ft.
Guns : 28-18, 10-9. pdr.

Warren

Sloop

1799-1801

20

?

?

?

160

385

Sold 1801.

New York

Frigate

1800-1814

36-40

145-5
(144-2)

38-1
(37-0)

11-9

340

1130

Burnt to prevent capture by the British.
Guns : 26-18, 14-9 pdr.

President

Frigate

1800-1815

55-53

175-0

44-4
(43-8)

13-11

450

1576
1533e

Captured by English 1815.
Keel : 157-10 ft.
Guns : 32-24, 1-18, 22-42c.(1800), 32-24, 20-42c., 1-24c.(1815).
(173-3 x 146-4,75 x 44-4 x 13-11 ft.)

Argus

Brig

1803-1813

18-20

94-6

28-2

12-8

102-
142

299

Captured 1813.
Guns : 2-12, 16/18-24c.

Syren

Brig

1803-1814

16

94-3,5

27-9

12-6

120

240

Captured 1814. guns : 16-24c.

Scourge
(prize)

Brig

1804-1812

16

?

?

?

36

?

Sold 1812. Guns: 16-6.

Hornet

Sloop
ex Brig

1805/1811-1829

20

106-0

29-7

14-0

140-
150

480

Ex GunBrig of 18 guns, launched 1805. rebuilt as a sloop of war.
Foundered 1829.
Guns : 18-32c. , 2-12 pdr.

Wasp (II)

Sloop

1806-1812

18

106-7
105-0

30-1
30-0

14-1,6

110
140

450

Taken By Royal Navy in 1812.
Guns : 2-12, 16-32c.
pdr.

Oneida

Brig

1809-1825

16-18

?

?

?

100

240

Great lakes ship. Sold 1825.
Guns : 2-12, 14/16/18-24c.

Alert (prize)

Sloop

1812-1829

20

105-0

29-0

?

100

?

British prize.
Guns : 18-32c., 2-12 pdr.

Louisiana

Sloop

1812-1821

16

99-6

28-0

14-0

160

?

Guns : 4-24, 8-12, 4-6 pdr.

Macedonian
(prize)

Frigate

1812-1835

48

161-6

40-0

18-4

362

?

Guns : 28-18, 2-12, 2-9, 16-32c. pdr.

Erie

Sloop

1813-1850

18

117-11
122-0

31-6

14-6

140

509
611

Lengthened to 122 feet, and tonnage increased to 611t.
 in 1820-1823 repair. Sold 1850.

Frolic

Sloop

1813-1814

22

117-11

31-6

14-6

170
140

509

Taken by Royal Navy in 1814.
Guns : 20-32c., 2-12. pdr.

General Pike

Ship

1813-1825

26

145-0

37-0

15-0

300

875

Great lakes ship. Sold 1825.
Guns : 26-24.

Ontario

sloop

1813-1843

22

117-11

31-6

14-6

140

509

Guns : 20-32c., 2-18 pdr.

Peacock

Sloop

1813-1829

22

117-11

31-6

16-4dr.

140

509

Broken up 1829. Guns : 2-12, 20-32 pdr.

Sylp

Schooner

1813-1823

16

?

?

?

70

300

Great lakes ship.
Laid up 1823. Guns: 4-32, 12-6.

Wasp (V)

Sloop

1813-1814

22

117-11

31-6

14-6

173

609

Sunk by storm 1814. Guns : 2-12, 20-32c. pdr.

Confiance
(prize)

Ship

1814-1825

28

147-5

37-2

7-0

?

1200

Great lakes ship. Sold 1825.
Ex British ship(36).

Eagle

Brigantine

1814-1825

20

?

?

?

130-
160

500

Great lakes ship. Sold 1825.
Guns : 8-8, 12-32c.

Epervier
 (prize)

Sloop

1814-1815

18

100-0

30-6

12-9dr.

128

447

Launched 1812.
Captured by sloop-of-war Peacock in 1814.
Lost without trace in 1815. Guns : 16-32, 2-18 pdr.

Guerriere

Frigate

1814-1841

53

175-0

45-6
44-6

14-6
13-6

400

1508

Decommisioned 1831. Sold 1841.
Guns: 33-24, 20-42c. pdr.

Independence

Battleship

1814-1912

87

190-10

54-7

21-4
(24-4dr).

790

2243

First ship-of-the-line commissioned in the U.S. Navy.
Decommissioned 1912, Sold 1914, and burned by the new owner to recover her metal fittings in 1919.
Orginal Armament was : 87-32 pdr.

Java

Frigate

1814-1842

53

175-0

44-6

13-8
(13-6)

450

?

Guns : 33-24, 20-42c. pdr.

Jefferson

Brig

1814-1825

20

117-0

?

?

160

509

Great lakes ship. Sold 1825.
Guns : 16-42c., 4-24.

Jones

Brig

1814-1821

20

117-11

?

?

160

509

Great lakes ship. Sold, and BU 1821.
Guns : 16-42c., 4-24.

Linnet
(prize)

Brig

1814-1825

16

82-6

27-0

6-8

?

350

Great lakes ship. Sold 1825.

Mohawk

Frigate

1814-1821

42

155-0

37-6

15-6

350

1350

Great lakes ship. Sold, and BU 1821.
Guns : 26-24, 16-32c.

Saratoga

Ship

1814-1825

26

143-0

36-6

12-6

212

734

Great lakes ship. Sold 1825.
Guns : 8-24, 6-42c., 12-32c.

Superior

Frigate

1814-1824

58

?

?

?

500

1580

Great lakes ship. Sold 1824.
Guns : 30-32, 2-24, 26-42c.

Washington

Battleship

1814-1843

86

190-10

54-7,5

19-9
24-4dr.
(aft)

750

(2243)

Broken up 1843.
Guns
: 86-32/carronades.

Boxer

Brigantine

1815-1817

16

114-11

28-7

14-2

90

370

Purchase 1815. Wrecked 1817.
Guns : 2-9, 14-24c.

Chippewa

Brigantine

1815-1816

16

?

?

?

90

410

Purchased 1815. Wrecked 1816.
Guns : 2-12, 14-32c.

Cyane (prize)

Frigate

1815-1835

32

110-0

31-6
29-0

8-0
8-6

180
185

539

Built in 1796 at Frinsbury, England.
Captured by Constitution in 1815.
Sank 1835.
Guns : 20-32c., 8-18c., 4-12 pdr.

Franklin

Battleship

1815-1852

82-86

190-10
(190-9)

54-8
(54-7)

(24-4)
26-6dr.

790

2243
(2257)

Broken up 1852.
Guns : 87-32 pdr.

New Orleans

Battleship

-1883

87

204-0
(keel)

56-0

?

?

2805

Laid down 1815, but construction ceasead when peace with England came in 1815. New Orleans remain in stocks, until sold 1883.

Columbus

Battleship

1819-1861

92

191-10
pp.

53-6
52-0
md.

21-10
24/25dr.

780

2480

Rated 74 gun ship, but actually armed with
68-32, 24-42c. Pdr.
Burned to prevent capture in 1861.

Delaware

Battleship

1820-1861

90

196-2

53-0

26-2dr.

820

2633

Burned to prevent capture in 1861.
Guns: (1834): 56-42, 34-32 pdr.

North Carolina

Battleship

1820-1867

94-102

196-3

53-6

21-6

820

2633

Sold 1867.
102 guns in 1824.

Ohio

Battleship

1820-1883

84-90

197-0

53-0

22-2

840

2724

Sold 1883.

Virginia

Battleship

-1874

74

197-1,5

53-0

22-0

820

2633

Laid down in 1822, finished c.1825, but never launched.
Virginia remain in stocks, until broken up 1874.

New York

Battleship

-1861

74

197-1

53-0

22-0dr.

?

2663

Laid down 1820, but never launched.
Ready for launching 1825 if needed.
Burnt on the stocks to prevent capture in 1861.

Potomac

Frigate

1822-1877

50

177-10

46-2

20-6

480

1726

Launched in 1822, but not completed until 1831.
Sold 1877. Guns : 8-8", 42-32 pdr.

Boston

Sloop

1825-1846

18-20

127-0

33-9

16-0dr.

125

700

Wrecked 1846. Guns : 20-24

Brandywine

Frigate

1825-1864

44

175-0

45-0

22-0dr.

467

1708

Destroyed by fire in 1864.

Vincennes

Sloop

1826-1867

18

127-0

33-9

16-6dr.

80

700

Sold 1867.

Falmouth

Sloop

1827-1863

20

127-0

33-9

16-0dr.

190

703

Sold 1863. Guns : 4-8", 16-32 pdr.

Warren

sloop

1827-1863

20

127-0

33-9

15-6

190

697

Sold at Panama 1863. Guns : 20-32.

Concord

Sloop

1828-1842

20

127-0

33-9

16-6dr.

190

700

Wrecked 1842. Guns: 18-32c., 2x32 pdr.

Fairfield

Sloop

1828-1852

28

127-0

33-9

15-6
16-6dr.

190

700

Broken up 1852.
Guns : 4-8" ,24-24 pdr.

Hudson

Frigate

1828-1844

44

177-0

45-0

13-8dr.

?

1728

Broken up, and Sold 1844.

St. Louis

Sloop

1828-1906

20

127-0

33-9

15-6
16-0dr.

125

700

Struck off Navy list 1906. Guns : 20-24 pdr.

Vandalia

sloop

1828-1872

20

127-4

34-6

16-6

150

614

BU 1870-72. Guns : 4-8”, 16-32.

Columbia

Frigate

1836-1861

54

175-0

45-0

22-0dr.

480

1726

Keel laid down 1825.
Scuttled, and burned to avoid the capture in 1861.
Guns : 4-8", 28-32, 22-42c. (rated 44?)

Macedonia (II)
(RB)

Frigate

1836-1875

36

164-0

41-0

18-0

489

1341

Rebuilt from the keel of the first Macedonian.
Sold 1875. Draught was 21-6(1861).

Cyane (II)

Sloop

1837-1887

22

132-4

36-3

16-6dr.

200

792

Decommissioned 1871. Sold 1887.
Guns: 18-32, 4-24 pdr.

Pennsylvania

Battleship

1837-1861

120
136
design

210-0
pp.

56-9
md.

24-4

1100

3105

Largest sailing warship ever built for the U.S. Navy.
Pennsylvania had four complety gun decks of which three were covered, there were total of 136-gun ports.
Armament 16-8" shell guns, 104-32 pdr.
Pennsylvania displacement was : c. 5200 tons.
Burned to prevent capture in 1861.

Dale

Sloop

1839-1906

16

117-0

32-0

15-8dr.

150

566

Training ship 1867-1884, receiving ship 1884-1894, and
Maryland Naval Militia 1895-1906. Renamed "Oriole" 1904, and transferred to the Coast Guard in 1906
Guns: 14-32, 2-12 pdr.

Decatur

Sloop

1839-1865

16

117-0

32-0

15-0
15-8dr.

150

566

Sold 1865.
Guns : 14-32, 2-12 pdr.

Yorktown

Sloop

1839-1850

16

117-8

32-11

15-0
15-6dr.

150

566

Wrecked 1850.
Guns : 16-32c. pdr.

Congress (IV)

Frigate

1841-1862

50-52

179-0

47-10

22-6dr.

480

1867

Destroyed by Confederate ships (120 killed) in 1862.
Guns : 4-8" , 48-32 pdr.

Cumberland

Frigate

1842-1862

50/
24

175-0

45-0

21-1dr.

400

1726

Sunk in 1862.
Guns: 10-8", 40-32 pdr.

Savannah

Frigate

1842-1883

54

47-0

22-8

480

1726

Sold 1883.

Portsmouth

Sloop

1843-1915

c.22

153-0

38-1

16-9
16-6dr.

200

1022

Struck from Navy list 1915.

Raritan

Frigate

1843-1861

44-50

174-10

45-0

14-4
22-8dr.

?

1726

Laid down 1820, but not launched until 1843.
Destroyded by Union forces in 1861, when evacuated the Norfolk yard.

St. Mary

Sloop

1843-1908

22

149-3

37-4

18-0dr.

195

958

Sold 1908. Guns : 6-8", 16-32 pdr.

Jamestown

Sloop

1844-1913

22

163-6

32-2

17-3

(210)

1150

Destroyed by fire in 1913.
Guns: 4-8", 18-32c. pdr.

Albany

Sloop

1846-1854

22

163-6

32-2

17-3
13-0dr.

210

1064

Lost in sea 1854.
Guns: 4-8", 18-32c. pdr.

Germantown

Sloop

1846-1861

22

150-0

36-0

16-8

210

939

Scuttled 1861. Guns: 4-8", 18-32c. pdr.

St. Lawrence

Frigate

1848-1875

50

175-0

45-0

14-5

480

1726

Laid down 1826, but not launched until 1848.
Sold 1875.
Guns : 8-8" , 42-32 pdr.

Vermont

Battleship

1848-1901

84

197-1,5

53-6

21-6

820

2633

Laid down in 1818, finished c.1825. Vermont not launched until 1848, and not commissioned until 1862.
She struck from Navy list in 1901, and sold 1902.
Armament : 20-8" shell gun, 64-32 pdr.

Sabine

Frigate

1855-1883

44-50

202-6

47-0

21-6dr.

400

1726

Laid down 1822, but not launched until 1855.
Sold 1883.

Santee

Frigate

1855-1912

50

175-0

45-0

14-5

480

1726

Sank at moorings 1912.

New Hampshire

Battleship

1864-1892

74
class

203-8

51-4

?

?

2633

Laid down in 1819, and ready for launch in 1825, but she remained on the stocks until needed during the Civil War.
Decommisioned in 1892, training ship from 1893.
New Hampshire renamed "Granite State" in 1904.
She caught fire, and sank in 1921, this time she was served at the New York State Militia.