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RUSSIAN 70-78 GUNS  (1704-1851)

(*Fleets : Az = Azov sea, Ba = Baltic, Bs = Black sea)
Sources :
John Tredrea & Eduard Sozaev “Russian Warships in the Age of Sail 1696-1860”, 2010
Chernishev A.A ,VOL.1 , 1997, ISBN :5-203-01788-3
Dimensions : Length in upper deck or lower deck (lg.), or between perpendiculars(pp.).
Beam outside planking(op.) or inside(ip.), depth in hold, and later also draugth(mean) or fore/aft.
Source for Dimensions/tons :
V=Veselago,  P=Pamyatnaya, F=Fincham 1851, Z=Zapiski, A=Apraksin, G=Golovachev, C=Chernishev

Ship Name

Launch
Year

Out of
Year

Fleet
*

Guns

Gun Sizes/ Notice

Dimensions (ft.)

Crew

Samson

1704

1710 BU

Az

70

?

136 x 34-8,5 x 8-7

430

Staryi Dub
(Out Eiketbom)

1705

1727 BU

Az

70

?

151-6 x 40 x 10-6

450

Spiashiy Lev
(Slav Leeuw)

1709

1727 BU

Az

70

?

"

"

Leferm
(ex French ”Ferme” 1700)

Bought
1713

1736 condemned
1740 still listed

Ba

62-74

26x24, 28x12, 20x6 (1714)
14x24, 12x18, 28x12, 12x6 (1715)
 

154-1 x 44-2,25 x 17-11,25
154-10 x 44 x 17-11 (V)

147-4 x 40-9 x 16-6f
(17/19-6 dr, keel : 130).

156-2 x 43-4 x 17-11e
(18/21 dr., keel : 129)

518
470

Sviatoi Aleksandr

1717

1729-32 rebuilt, and added
third full deck without quarterdeck
1746-7 decommissioned

Ba

70/76
(66-74)

26x24, 24x18, 16x6 (1717)
26x24, 24x18, 24x6 (1732)

155 x 43 x 17-6 (V)
155-9,5 x 43-6,25 x 17-7,5 (A)

550/566

Neptunus

1718

1728-32 hulked
1732 condemned

Ba

70/72
(66-68)

26x24, 26x18, 16x6 (1718)

153 (122kl.) x 43 x 17 (V)
153-0,5 x 43-3,5 x 16-10 (A)

550/565

Sviatoi Velikomuchenik Isidor

1772

1784 BU

Ba

74

26x30, 2x48u
26x18, 2x24u, 18x8

169 x 46 x 20

?

Sviatoi Velikomuchenik Panteleimon

1772

1784 BU

Ba

74

169 x 47 x 20-10

?

Iezekiil

1773

After 1797 BU.

Ba

78

30x30, 30x18, 18x8

178 x 48-8 x 20-3

?

Tsar Konstantin 

1779 

1797 Decommissioned

Ba  

74 

26x30, 2x48/60u
26x18, 2x24u, 18x8

170 x 48 x 20  

 

Pobedoslav  

1782 

1804 BU

Ba  

74 

” 

Sviataia Elena 

1785 

1808 interned by England
1813 Sold to England

Ba  

74 

“ 

?

Aleksandr Nevskii

1787 

1804 floating crane
1814 BU

Ba  

74  

“ 

Ioann Bogoslov 

1783 

1791 BU

Ba  

74 

741 

Iaroslav  

1784 

1795 decommissioned
1798 BU

Ba  

74 

26x30, 2x60u
26x18, 2x24u
18x8 + (2x42/32c some ships)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

170 x 46-8 x 20-8




 

613-672

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vladislav  

1784 

1788 Captured by Sweden

Ba  

74 

Vseslav  

1785 

1795 decommissioned
1798 BU

Ba  

74 

Mstislav  

1785 

1804 decommissioned
1811 BU

Ba  

74 

Kir Ioann 

1786 

1798 BU

Ba  

74 

Sviatoi Pyotr 

1786 

1803 BU

Ba  

74 

Sisoi Velikii

1788 

1801 decommissioned
1804 BU

Ba  

74 

Maksim Ispovednik  

1788 

1801 decommissioned
1804 BU

Ba  

74 

Boris  

1789 

1800 decommissioned
1802- hulked as a depot

Ba  

74 

Gleb  

1789 

1805-9 hospital ship
After 1809 hulked

Ba  

74 

Aleksei

1790 

1804 decommissioned
1815 BU

Ba  

74 

Pyotr  

1790 

1804 decommissioned
1821 BU

Ba  

74 

Pamiat Evstafii

1791 

1800 decommissioned
1803 floating battery
1817 BU

Ba  

74 

Isidor  

1795 

1800 Black sea fleet
1812 BU

Ba/
Bs  

74 

Vsevolod  

1796 

1808 Destroyed in action

Ba  

74 

Severnyi Oryol  

1797 

1809 BU

Ba  

74 

Moskva  

1799 

1809 Sold to France

Ba  

74 

Iaroslav  

1799 

1808 interned by England
1813 Sold to England

Ba  

74 

Sviatoi Pyotr  

1799

1809 Sold to France

Ba

74

Elisaveta  

1795 

1817 BU

Ba  

74 

26x30, 2x48u
26x18, 2x24u, 18x8
Another ship of these dimensions laid down in 1795
but BU 1798.

176 x 48-8 x 19-6

583/714 

Sviatoi Pyotr 

1794 

1803 hulked as depot.
1805 BU.

Bs  

74

26x30, 2x60u
26x18, 2x24u
18x8 

 

 

172 x 47 x 19 (first two)
176 x 47 x 19 (last five)

?  

Zakharii i Elisavet 

1795 

1803 hulked as depot
1805 BU.

Bs  

74 

Simion i Anna 

1797 

1805 reduced to hulk
1809 BU

Bs  

74 

Sviatoi Mikhail  

1798 

1807 hulked to hospital ship
1808 sold to France

Bs  

74 

Mariia Magdalina Vtoraia

1799 

<1810 BU 

Bs  

74  

Tol’skaya Bogoroditsa 

1799 

1804 wrecked (164 lost)

Bs  

74 

Sviataia Paraskeva 

1799 

1809 ceced to France

Bs  

74 

Selafail  

1802

1808 interned by England
1813 Sold to England

Ba  

74 

26x30, 2x48u
26x18, 2x24u, 18x8

28 x 36 short
30x24 short
18x8 (1805)
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

178 x 48 x 19-3

(mean draught 6,2 m) (C)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

570/610  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sil’nyi

1804 

1808 interned by England
1813 Released by England
1819 BU 

Ba  

74

Oryol  

1807 

1824 decommissioned
1833 BU

Ba  

74 

Severnaia Zvezda 

1807 

1824 damaged Great Flood
1827 BU

Ba  

74 

Borey  / Borei

1807 

1824 damaged Great Flood
1829 BU

Ba  

74 

Ne Tron Menia 

1809 

1824 damaged Great Flood
1828 BU

Ba  

74 

Trekh Ierarkov 

1809 

1824 damaged Great Flood
1827 hulked as depot

Ba  

74 

Sviatoslav  

1809 

1824 damaged Great Flood
1828 BU

Ba  

74 

Nord-Adler 

1811 

1818 Sold to Spain

Ba  

74 

Prints Gustav 

1811 

1824 damaged Great Flood
1827 BU

Ba  

74 

Berlin  

1813 

1824 decommissioned
1827 Hulked as depot

Ba  

74 

Gamburg  

1813 

1824 damaged Great Flood
1827 hulked as depot

Ba  

74 

Drezden  

1813 

1818 Sold to Spain

Ba  

74 

Liubek  

1813 

1818 Sold to Spain

Ba  

74 

Arsis  

1816 

1824 damaged Great Flood
1832 hulked as depot

Ba  

74 

Katsbakh  

1816 

1824 damaged Great Flood
1828 hulked

Ba  

74 

Retvizan  

1818 

1824 decommissioned
1833 BU

Ba  

74 

Trekh Sviatitelei 

1819 

1824 damaged during flod
1828 BU

Ba  

74 

Sviatoi Andrei 

1821 

1840 sunk as target

Ba  

74 

Sysoi Velikii

1822 

1830 decommissioned
1837 BU

Ba  

74 

Prokhor  

1823 

1840 decommissioned
1846 BU

Ba  

74 

Kniaz Vladimir 

1824 

1831 hulked

Ba  

74 

Tsar Konstantin 

1825 

1831 BU

Ba  

74

Pravyi

1804 

1813 Decommissioned
1825 hulked
1830 BU

Bs  

74/76 

28x36 short
30x24 short
18x8 or 24c 

178 x 48 x 20 (V)
178 x 48 x 20-8 (G) 

Anapa  

1807 

1816 decommissioned
1825 hulked
1837 BU

Bs  

74 

28x36 short
30x24 short
18x8 or 24c  

 

 

 

 

180 x 47-7 x 21-6

?  

 

 

 

 

Mariia  

1808 

1812 decommissioned
1825 hulked

Bs  

74 

Dmitrii Donskoi 

1809 

1818 decommissioned
1825 hulked 

Bs 

74 

Aziia  

1810 

1825 BU

Bs 

74 

Lesnoe 

1811 

1825 hulked

Bs 

74 

Maksim Ispovednik 

1812 

1826 hulked
1832 BU

Bs 

74 

Brien  

1813 

1820 decommissioned
1826 hulked

Bs 

74 

Kul’m  

1813 

1818 decommissioned
1826 hulked

Bs 

74 

Krasnoi  

1816 

1827 hulked

Bs 

74 

Nikolai  

1816 

1827 hulked

Bs 

74/81 

Skoryi  

1818 

<1830 BU 

Bs 

74/81

Pamiat Evstafii

1810 

1828 BU

Ba  

74 

28 x 36 short
30x24 short
18x8  

184-10 x 47-4 x 23-5

Ches’ma  

1811 

1828 BU

Ba  

74 

Trekh Sviatitelei

1810 

1818 Sold to Spain

Ba  

74 

28 x 36 short
30x24 short
18x8

 

 

182-7 x 48-8 x 22-3,5

 

 

 

 

Sviatyk Zhen Mironosits  

1811 

1825 BU

Ba  

74 

Iupiter

1812

1824 damaged Great Flood
1828 BU

Ba 

74 

Neptunus  

1813 

1818 Sold to Spain

Ba 

74 

Pyotr  

1814 

1824 damaged Great Flood
1828 BU

Ba 

74 

Finland  

1814 

1824 damaged Great Flood
1828 BU

Ba 

74 

Fershampennaz  

1817 

1831 destroyed by fire

Ba 

74 

Nord- Adle

1820 

1839 BU.       

Bs  

74/91 

28x36 short
30x24 short
18x8 or 24c 

178 x 48-2 x 19-6 

Pimen  

1823 

1839 hulked
1840 BU

Bs  

74/95 

28x36 short/ 30 long
30x24 short
18x8 or 24c 

179-8 x 48-6 x 21-5

Parmen  

1823 

1835 hulked
1842 BU

Bs  

74/89 

28x30
30x18
16x8 

170 x 47-7 x 20-3

Panteleimon

1824

1838 hulked
1840 BU

Bs

80

28x36 short
30x24 short
18x8

180-4 x 48-8 x 20-9

?

Ioann Zlatoust 

1825 

1840 BU

Bs  

74/83 

28x36 short
30x24 short
18x8
6x8c, 6x3, 3x8 mortars

176 x 48 x 19-6

Iezekil  

1826 

1842 hulked
1849 BU

Ba  

74/80 

24x36 short, 4x60u
30x24 short
22x24c / 16x8, 6x6 / 20x24c, 4x18c, 6x12c / 16x8, 6x24c / 20x24c /


  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

178 x 48(ip.) x 19-3
(3000 t.)  

176,7 x 49,33 x 19,4 ,
2918,7 tons (F)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

699

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Azov  

1826 

1831 BU

Ba  

74/80 

Aleksandr Nevskii

1826 

1832 cut down as frigate(62)
1846 hulked as depot
1847 BU

Ba  

74/80/62 

Velikii Kniaz Mikhail 

1827 

1860 floating crane
1863 decommisioned

Ba  

74/86 

Katsbakh  

1828 

1857 BU

Ba  

74/80 

Kul’m  

1828 

1857 BU

Ba  

74/90 

Arsis  

1828 

1854 hulked

Ba  

74/80 

Lesnoe  

1829 

1842 hulked as depot

Ba  

74/80 

Narva  

1829 

1844 hulked

Ba  

74/80 

Brien  

1829 

1860 stricken, and BU.

Ba  

74/80 

Borodino  

1830 

1847 hulked

Ba  

74/80 

Krasnoi

1830 

1844 hulked

Ba  

74/80 

Berezino  

1830 

1860 BU

Ba  

74/80 

Smolensk 

1830 

1856 hulked as depot

Ba  

74/80 

Pamiat Azova 

1831 

1848 hulked
1854 BU

Ba  

74/86 

Oryol  

1833 

1848 BU

Ba  

74/80 

Ostrolenka  

1834 

1848 hulked

Ba  

74/80 

Leiptsig

1836 

1850 hulked

Ba  

74/80 

Retvizan  

1839 

1852 hulked

Ba  

74/80 

Finland  

1840 

1857 BU

Ba  

74/80 

Ingermanland  

1842 

1842 wrecked
(329 people lost)

Ba  

74/80

Ingermanland
(ex Iezekiil) 

1844 

1857 decommissioned

Ba  

74/80 

Narva

1844

1855 cut down as frigate
1863 decommissioned

Ba

74/80/58

Pamiat Azova 

1848 

1857 decommisioned

Ba  

74 

Sisoi Velikii

1849 

1855 cut down as frigate
1863 stricken

Ba  

74/58 

Fershampenuaz

1833 

1860 BU

Ba  

74/82 

24x36 short, 4x60u
30x24 short
16x8, 6x24c/ 20x24c 

188 x 50(ip.) x 19-3 (V)?
3283 tons (P) 
188 (173-4kl.) x 50(Z)
 

699

 

Tsar’ Konstantin  

1837 

1854 convert to screw
1864 decommissioned

Ba  

74/82

188 x 50(ip.) x 19-3 (V)
188 (173-4kl.) x 50(Z)

dimensions as convert
a steam powered :
215 x 51-6(ip.) x 21-6/23(dr.)
(65,3 x 16,2 x 5,9 x 6,8 m)
crew 950, 3697 t.
450nhp./10,5 knots.

Vyborg  

1841 

1854 convert to screw
1863 decommisioned

Ba  

74/84 

188 x 50(ip.) x 19-3 (V)
192-2 (173-4kl.) x 50(Z)

dimensions as convert
a steam powered :
215 x 50(ip.) x 21-6/23 (dr.)
(65,3 x 15,8 x 5,9 x 6,8 m)
crew 950, 3505 t. 
450nhp./7,5 knots.

Iezekiil  

1847 

1860 hulked
1863 decommisioned

Ba  

74/80 

24x36 short, 4x60u
30x24 short
16x8, 6x24c/ 20x24c 

178 (165-4kl.) x 48(ip.) x 19-3 (V)
2807 tons (P)

54,3(gd.)/56,4(pp.) x 15,3(wp.) x 7,2 

699

Borodino  

1850 

1855 cut down as frigate
1863 decommisioned

Ba  

74/72/
58 

24x36 short, 4x60u
30x24 short
16x8, 6x24c/ 20x24c 

183 x 48-10 x 19-3
3578 tons (V)
55,8(gd.)/54,7(pp.) x 14,9 x 7,0 x 6,1(dr.) 

699

Vilagosh  

1851 

1855 cut down as frigate
1863 decommisioned

Ba  

74/72/
58 

Notice : Narva(1844), Sisoy Velikiy(1849), Borodino(1850), and Vilagosh(1851)
convert a 58-gun frigate in 1855. All stricken in 1862 or 1863.
(3000t. 55,8 x 15,2 x 6,1 m , 36,24 pdrs.). also Aleksandr Nevskiy convert a frigate in 1832.
(64-gun : 30-36, 32-36c., 2-8)(54,2 x 15,5 m). The ship was broken up in 1847.