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French 80-gun ships in 1743-1831. (new ships)

Ship Name

Built

Years

Fate/ Guns

Dimensions (324,84 mm)  (meters from 1800)
lenght-keel-beam-depth-draught
(lenght-beam-depth)

b : "Nomenclature des navires francais "
c :  "les vaisseaux 74 á 120 canons”
e : English measured as a warprize

Tonnant

Toulon

1743-1780

Condemned, and BU in 1780.
Guns: 30-36, 32-18, 18-8/6.

168 x 154 x 46 x 23 x 20/ 23-6 b
(169 x 44 x
22-3)c

Soleil Royal

Brest

1749-1759

Beached, and scuttled in 1759.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 18-8.

182 x 174-2 x 48 x 23 x 20-6/ 23-6 b
(183-2 x 48-6 x 23-3)c

Foudroyant

Toulon

1750-1758

Captured by RN in 1758.
Guns: 30-36, 32-18, 18-8.

177 x 152 x 47-6 x 22-6 x 21-6/ 23 b
(173 x 46 x 23)c
180-8,5 x 147-3 x 50-3 x 23e

Formidable

Brest

1751-1759

Captured by RN in 1759.
Guns: 30-36, 32-18, 18-8.

178 x 168-6 x 44-10 x 21-10 x ? b
(180 x 45 x 21-8)c
188 x 155-4,5 x 49-2,75 x 21-4,5e

Duc de Bourgogne,
Peuple (1792),
Caton (1794)

Rochefort

1751-1800

Broken up in 1800.
Guns: 30-36, 32-18, 18-8.

174 x 152-6 x 44-6 x 22-6 x 20-6/ 22 b
(173 x 44 x 21)c

Ocean

Toulon

1756-1759

Beached, and burnt in 1759.
Guns: 30-36, 32-18, 18-8.

175 x 154 x 48 x 23 x ? b
(175 x 46 x 22-8)c

Orient

Lorient

1759-1782

Wrecked in 1782.
Reduced to a 74-gun, when refit in 1765.
Guns: 30-36, 32-18, 18-8.
1765: 28-36, 30-18, 16-8.

174 x 159 x 44 x 20-6 x 19-10/ 21 b

Saint Esprit,
Scipion (1794)

Brest

1765-1795

Wrecked in 1795.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 18-8.

184 x 168 x 48-6 x 23-2 x 21-2/ 24 b
(184-4 x 48-6 x 23-3)c

Languedoc ,
Antifederaliste (1794),
Victoire (1795)

Toulon

1766-1799

Broken up in 1799.
Guns : 30-36, 32-24, 18-12.

188 x 168 x 48-6 x 23-2 x 21-4/ 22-7 b
(188 x 48-4 x 23-2)c

Couronne ,
Ca Ira (1792)

Brest

1768-1795

Accidentally burnt in 1781?.
Rebuilt, and launched 1784.
Captured by RN in 1793, but recaptured
by the French.
Captured RN in 1795.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 18-8.
1794: 30-36, 32-24, 18-12, 4-36o.

183 x 168-6 x 46 x 23 x 20-9/ 22-6 b
rebuilt (1784):
190-6 x 168-6 x 46 x 23 x 22-6/24 b
(184 x 46 x 22-6)c

Auguste,
Jacobin (1793),
Neuf Thermidor (1794)

Brest

1778-1795

Wrecked in 1795.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 22-8.
1793: 30-36, 32-24, 18-12, 6-36o.

186 x 171 x 46 x 23 x 21/24 b
186 x 46 x 23 c
keel : 171

Triomphant

Toulon

1779-1793

Lost in 1793.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 18-8.

183-10 x 164 x 48 x 23-9 x 22-4/24 b
184 x 48 x 23-9 c
keel : 164

Deux Freres,
Juste (1792)

Brest

1784-1794

Captured by RN in 1794.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 18-8.
1794: 30-36, 32-24, 18-8, 4-36o.

184 x 174 x 46-6 x 23 x 22/23 – 21-6/23-6 b
181-4 x 46-6 x 23 c
193-4 x 159-3,75 x 50-3,5 x 22-5,5e

Tonnant

Toulon

1789-1798

Captured by RN in 1798 at Nile.
Displacement in this class was 3750 t.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 18-12, 4-36o.

182-6 x 167 x 47 x 23-6 x 21-8/24 b
182-6 x 164-6 x 47 x 23-6 x 21-8/24 b
182-6 x 165-3 x 47 x 23-6 x 21/ 23-6 c
beam in waterline = 48-7

194-2 x 160 x 51-9,25 x 23-3e

Indomptable

Brest

1790-1805

Wrecked in 1805 after Trafalgar.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 18-12, 6-36o.
1799: 30-36, 32-24, 30-12, 4-
36o.

182-6 x 167 x 47 x 23-6 x 21-8/24 b
182-6 x 164-6 x 47 x 23-6 x 21-8/24 b
182-6 x 165-3 x 47 x 23-6 x 21/ 23-6 c
beam in waterline = 48-7

Sans Pareil

Brest

1793-1794

Captured by RN in 1794.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 18-12, 6-36o.
30-32, 22-12, 10-36c., 32-24c.e

182-6 x 164-6 x 47 x 23-6 x 21-8/24 b
182-6 x 165-3 x 47 x 23-6 x 21/ 23-6 c
beam in waterline = 48-7

193 x 158-11,25 x 51-6 x 23-4e

Formidable

Toulon

1795-1805

Captured in 1805 at Trafalgar.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 28-12.
1803: 30-36, 32-24, 28-12, 4-36o.

182-6 x 164-6 x 47 x 23-6 x 21-8/24 b
182-6 x 165-3 x 47 x 23-6 x 21/ 23-6 c
beam in waterline = 48-7

194-6 x 159-7,75 x 51-5,5 x 26-6e

Guillaume Tell

Toulon

1795-1800

Captured by RN in 1800.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 28-12.

182-6 x 164-6 x 47 x 23-6 x 21-8/24 b
182-6 x 165-3 x 47 x 23-6 x 21/ 23-6 c
beam in waterline = 48-7

194-4 x 159-9,38 x 51-7,5 x 23-4e

Franklin

Toulon

1797-1798

Captured by RN in 1798.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 28-12.

182-6 x 164-6 x 47 x 23-6 x 21-8/24 b
182-6 x 165-3 x 47 x 23-6 x 21/ 23-6 c
beam in waterline = 48-7

193-4,5 x 159-10 x 52-4 x 23e

Dix Huit,
Foydroyant (1800)

Rochefort

1799-1834

Condemned in 1833, and BU in 1834.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 18-12.
1803: 30-36, 32-24, 6-12, 12-36c.
1809: 30-36, 32-24, 6-12, 14-36o.

182-6 x 164-6 x 47 x 23-6 x 21-8/24 b
182-6 x 165-3 x 47 x 23-6 x 21/ 23-6 c
beam in waterline = 48-7

Indivisible ,
Alexandre (1803)

Brest

1799-1806

Captured by RN in 1806.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 18-12, 6-36o.
1803: 30-36, 32-24, 18-12, 14-36o.

182-6 x 164-6 x 47 x 23-6 x 21-8/24 b
182-6 x 165-3 x 47 x 23-6 x 21/ 23-6 c
beam in waterline = 48-7

195-2 x 158-11,75 x 51-4,5 x 23-2e

Bucentaure  

Toulon 

1803-1805 

Lost in 1805 at Trafalgar.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 18-12, 6-36o. 

59,26-58,88 x 53,92 x 15,27 x 7,63 x 7,12/7,92 b

182-6 x 165-3 x 47 x 23-6 x 21/ 23-6 c
beam in waterline = 48-7
length in waterline = 180-5
length from rabbet to rabbet on the gundeck
was 181-3

Design Sané displacement was
3868 tx=7,23 m (mean).
the lower gunports were then 5,5 ft. free to water.

Crew 856

Actual dimensions in 1824 was:
(les Vaisseaux  74 á 120 canons p.214)

Beam = 15,267 m
beam in waterline = 15,786 m
length in waterline = 58,603 m
length (rabbet to rabbet on the 1.gd.)=58,883 m
Draught = 6,820/7,632 m (mean= 7,226 m)
Keel = 53,683 m
tx. = 3749,952
 


Neptune  

Toulon  

1803-1808 

Lost in 1808. 
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 18-12, 6-36o. 

Robuste  

Toulon  

1806-1809 

Lost in 1809.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 18-12, 6-36o. 

Donawerth  

Toulon  

1808-1824 

Broken up in 1808.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 14-12, 10-36c.
1820: 30-36, 32-24, 12-12, 16-36c.   

Eylau (ex Saturne)  

Lorient  

1808-1829 

Condemned, and broken up in 1829.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 14-12, 10-36c.
1827: 30-36, 32-24, 2-12, 22-36c. 

Ville de Varsovie
(ex Tonnant) 

Rochefort  

1808-1809 

Lost in 1809.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 18-12, 6o.
(30-36, 32-24, 14-12, 10-36c.)

Friedland
(ex Illustre) 

Antwerp  

1810-1814 

Ceded to Netherlands in 1814.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 14-12, 10-36c.

Sceptre  

Toulon  

1810-1828 

Condemned, and hulked in 1828.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 14-12, 10-36c.
1820: 30-36, 32-24, 12-12, 16-36c. 

Tilsitt  

Antwerp  

1810-1814 

Ceded to Netherlands in 1814.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 14-12, 10-36c. 

Auguste  

Antwerp  

1811-1814 

Ceded to Netherlands in 1814, and
exchanged for Illustre.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 14-12, 10-36c. 

Diademe

Lorient

1811-1856

Condemned, and hulked in 1856.
Broken up in 1868.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 14-12, 10-36c.
1822: 30-36, 32-24, 12-12, 16-36c.
1827: 30-36, 32-24, 2-12, 22-36c. 

Illustre  

Antwerp  

1811-1827 

Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 14-12, 10-36c. 

Pacificateur

Antwerp  

1811-1823 

Stricken in 1823(1824).
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 14-12, 10-36c. 

Conquerant  

Antwerp  

1812-1831 

Condemned, and hulked in 1831.
Broken up in 1841.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 14-12, 10-36c.
1822: 30-36, 32-24, 12-12, 16-36c.
1827: 30-36, 32-24, 2-12, 22-36c.  

Zelandais,
Duquesne (1814),
Zelandais (1815)  

Cherbourg 

1813-1836 

Condemned, and hulked in 1836.
Broken up in 1858.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 14-12, 10-36c.
1822: 30-36, 32-24, 12-12, 16-36c.
1827: 30-36, 32-24, 2-12, 22-36c.   

Magnifique  

Toulon  

1814-1837 

Condemned, and BU in 1837.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 14-12, 10-36c.
1820: 30-36, 32-24, 12-12, 16-36c.
1827: 30-36, 32-24, 2-12, 22-36c.   

Centaure,
Santi Pietri (1823)  

Cherbourg  

1818-1849 

Hulked in 1849, and destroyed by fire
in 1862.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 14-12, 10-36c.
1820: 30-36, 32-24, 12-12, 16-36c.
1827: 30-36, 32-24, 2-12, 22-36c.   

Neptune (ex Brabancon) 

Lorient  

1818-1858 

Hulked in 1858, and BU in 1868.
Guns: 30-36, 32-24, 14-12, 10-36c.
1820: 30-36, 32-24, 12-12, 16-36c.
1827: 30-36, 32-24, 2-12, 22-36c.   

Algesiras  

Lorient  

1823-1846 

Hulked in 1846.
Guns:
1823: 30-36, 32-24, 12-12, 16-36c.
1827: 30-36, 32-24, 2-12, 22-36c.  

Jupiter  

Cherbourg 

1831-1863 

Hulked in 1863, and BU in 1870.
Guns:  30-36, 32-24, 2-12, 22-36c.  

Vesuvio

Naples  

 

Abandoned by the French in 1813,
and completed postwar by Naples.
Launched in 1824.
Guns : 30-36, 32-24, 14-12, 10-36c. 

6- ships unlaunched and uncompleted 1814.(Alexandre, Atlas, Fougeux, Mars, Tibre, Saturne)_

SOURCES :

a : "Nomenclature des vaisseaux du roi-soleil de 1661-1715"
b : "Nomenclature des navires francais "
c : "les vaisseaux 74 a 120 canons
e= measured by English as a warprize.