ENGLISH FIRST & SECOND RATES WARSHIP IN 17 th. CENTURY.

( Dimensions : in feet = 304,8mm, and inch = 25,4mm )
-

Beam was measured outside of the planking after 1649, and before that inside.
The keel lenght was only length measurement before 1677 and gun deck lenght
was measured from 1677 (some ship gun deck lenght is estimated).
For ships built before 1640s the lenght from stem to sternpost would be roughly equal to keel+beam; for later ships
4/5 beam would be more correct.
Gun deck lenght would be equal for stem to sternpost measurement ,when added some 3.5%.

Up to 1677 the keel was actually measured to the "touch", the point where the inner side of the stem began to rise
From it. After 1677 keel lenght used for calculating tonnage was obtained by dropping a perpendicular from the fore
Side of the stem at the level of the lower wale and taking 3/5 of the beam to represent the fore rake.
This reduced the so-called lenght on the keel to a mere function of the gun-deck lenght and the beam.
Tons and tonnage was calculated c.1628-1648 : keelxbeamxdepth/100, and after that : keelxbeamxhalf beam /94
The depth is usually the perpendicular distance from the lowest point of the breadth line to the upper surface of the keel.

-
NOTICE for list : "Dr."  means draught figures. The letter "G" means Girled beam.
Ships, which built before 1649 there are two burden figures:
calculated in old burthen/ and added one third it for tonnage, see above the formulas.


-

Ship name

Built

Launched

Fate /Notice

Guns

Gun deck
(ft. )

Keel
(ft.)

Beam
(ft.)

Depth
(ft. )

Tons

Ships 24.3.1603

Nonpareil
(ex Philip and Mary)

Deptford

1556

Rebuilt 1584.
Rebuilt 1603(1602-15).

32

?

85

28

16

381/
476

Mary Rose

?

1556/7

Rebuilt 1589.
Condemned 1618.

29

?

85

33

17

476/
595

[Golden] Lion

?

1557

Rebuilt 1582.
Rebuilt 1609.

36

?

94

32

14

421/
526

Elisabeth [Jonas]

Woolwich

1559

Repaired 1585-86.
Rebuilt 1597-98.
Sold 1618.

55

?

100

38

18

684/
855

Hope

Deptford

1559

Rebuilt 1584.
Rebuilt 1603-04.

30

?

94

33

13

403/
504

Victory

?

1560
purchased

Former Great Christopher.
Purchased from Anthony Hickman &
Edward Castlyn.
Rebuilt 1586.
BU 1608.

34

?

95

35

17

565/
707

Triumph

Woolwich

1562

Repaired 1585-86.
Rebuilt 1595-96.
Sold 1618.

55

?

100

40

19

760/
955

[White] Bear

Woolwich

1564

Repaired 1585-86.
Rebuilt 1598-99.
Sold 1629.

57

?

110

37

18

732/
915

[Elizabeth] Bonaventure
(ex mercantile)

?

1567
purchased

Rebuilt 1581 (upper works only).
BU 1611.

35

?

80

35

16

448/
560

Rainbow

Deptford

1586

Rebuilt 1617.

26

?

100

32

12

384/
480

Vanguard

Woolwich

1586

Rebuilt 1615.

38

?

108

32

13

449/
562

Ark Royal

Deptford

1587
purchased

Launched and purchased 1587.
Rebuilt 1607-08.

38

?

100

37

15

555/
694

Defiance

Deptford

1590

Repaired 1612-13.

34

?

92

32

15

442/
552

Garland

Deptford

1590

Hulked 1604.
Sunk 1618.

34

?

95

33

17

532/
665

Merhonour

Woolwich

1590

Rebuilt 1612-15.

39

?

110

37

17

692/
865

[Due or Dieu] Repulse

Deptford

1596

Rebuilt 1610.

38

?

105

37

16

622/
777

Warspite

Deptford

1596

Cut down into a lighter 1635.
Sold 1649.

32

?

90

36

16

518/
648

Ships acquired from 24.3 1603.

Assurance (RB)
(ex Hope 1559)

?

1605

Sold 1645.

34

?

95

33

14-6

451/
601

Nonsuch (RB)
(ex Nonpareil 1556)

?

1605

Sold 1645.

32

?

88

33-4

15

454/
619

Anne Royal (RB)
(ex Ark Royal 1587)

Woolwich

1608

Commissioned 1625.
Sunk in Thames by her own
anchor 1636, raised and BU.

40

?

107

37-10

15-4

621/
828

Red Lion (RB)
( ex Lion 1557)

Deptford

1609

Commissioned 1620.
Sold 1638.

32

?

91

35-2

16

523/
698

Prince Royal

Woolwich

1610

Commissioned 1613.
Refitted 1621(6000£) and 1623 (1000£).
Rebuilt in 1639-41.
51 guns(1624), 55 (1613).

51-55

?

115

43-6

18

890/
1187

Repulse (1596)(RB)

?

1610

Commissioned 1627.
BU 1645.
Dimensions 1633:
108 x 37 x 16, 657/876 tons.

34

?

97

37

15

706

Defiance (1590) (RB)

Woolwich

1613

Commissioned 1623.
Sold 1649.
Dimensions 1633:
104 x 36-7 x 15 ft., 563/751

34

?

97

37

15

706

Merhonour (1590)(RB)

Woolwich

1615

Laid up until 1634, and commissioned 1635.
Service only in 1635.
Sold 1650.

40

?

112

38-7

16-5

709/
946

Vanguard (1586) (RB)

Chatham

1615

Rebuilt 1630-31.

34

?

102

35

14

500/
666

Rainbow (1586)(RB)

Deptford

1617

Rebuilt/Repair 1628-29.

34

?

112

36-3

13-6
17-6 Dr.

548/
731

Constant Reformation

Deptford

1619

Lost at sea in 1651 (c.300 died).
design 106 x 35 x 15 ft, 556 tons.
I calculated 564/752 tons actually.

40-60

?

106

35-6

15

557?/
691?

Victory

Deptford

1620

Rebuilt in 1666.
Dimension in 1660:
108 x 37-6 x 16-6, 807 tons.
Draught 18-6.
52-58 guns (1652-60).
design 106 x 35 x 15 ft, 556 tons.
I calculated 656/874 tons actually.

40-64

?

108

35-9

17

541?
721?

Swiftsure

Deptford

1621

Rebuilt 1653-54.
design 106 x 35 x 15 ft, 556 tons.
I calculated 689/919 tons actually.

46-64

?

106

35-10

16-9

559?
746?

Saint Andrew/
Andrew (1650) /
Saint Andrew (1660)

Deptford

1622

Dimension in 1660:
116 x 38 x 15, 891 tons.
Draught 18-0.
Wrecked in 1666.
52-66 guns (1652-66).

42-66

?

110

36-5

14-8

587/
783

Saint George

Deptford

1622

Dimension in 1660:
116 x 38 x 14-10, 891 tons.
(per Deane in 1670:
117 x 38-9 x 15-9, 937 tons.)
Draught 18-0.
52-72 guns (1652-66).
Hulk in 1687,
last mentioned in 1697.

42-72

?

110

37-3

14-6

594/
792

Triumph

Deptford

1623

Dimension in 1660:
116 x 38 x 15-6, 891 tons.
(Per Deane in 1670:
117 x 38-6 x 15-6, 922 tons.)
Draught 18-0.
Sold in 1688.

44-74

?

110

36-6

14-6

582/
776

Rainbow (RB)

Chatham

1629

Commissioned 1635.
Sunk as a breakwater 1680.

54-64

?

114

37-10

15
17-6 Dr.

868

Vanguard (RB)

Chatham

1631

Dimension in 1660:
112 x 38 x 14, 860 tons.
Sunk in medway,
raised and sold in 1667.
54-60 guns (1652-66).

40-60

?

112

36-4

13-10
17-0 Dr.

563/
751

Charles

Woolwich

1633

Wrecked in 1650.

44

?

105

35-7

16-3

607/
707

Henrietta Maria/
Paragon (1650)

Deptford

1633

Caught fire by accident, and blew
up in 1655 (c.100 died).

42-54

?

106

35-9

15-8

594/
792

James /
Old James (1660)

Deptford

1634

Sold in 1682.
Dimension 1660:
138 x 110 x 39 x 16, 890 tons.
Draught 18-6.

48-70

138

110

37-6
(36-10)

16-2
17-2 Dr.

656/
875

Unicorn

Woolwich

1634

Sold in 1688.
Dimension in 1660 after repair :
110 x 37-6 x 15-1, 823 tons.
and draught 17-6.

46-64

?

107

35-8

15-1
17-6 Dr.
(1660)

575/
767

Sovereign of the Seas

Woolwich

1637

Rebuilt in 1660.
First beam figure is
inside planking, and
second outside.

90-104

167-9

127

46-6/
47-11

19-4
(18-9)
23-6 Dr.

1141/
1522
 

Prince Royal (RB)

Woolwich

1641

Rebuilt in 1663.
Called Resolution in
1650-1660.
Beam was 44 ft outside plank,
when she re-measured (old 43-6 ft.).

64-88

c.155

115

44

18

890/
1187
bm.
1184

Antelope

Woolwich

1652

Wrecked 1652.

56

?

120

36

14

828

Naseby /
Royal Charles (1660)

Woolwich

1655

Captured by Dutch in 1667.

78-86

c.162
170d

131

42-0
42-6G
42d

18
21-6 Dr.

1229
1258

Dunbar /
Henry (1660)

Deptford

1656

Accidentally burnt at Chatham in1682.
64 guns (1660), 80 (1666),
82 (1677 establisment).
Design dimensions:
120 x 38-4 x 15-9, 938 bm.
draught 20-8.crew 340-530

64-82

c.153

123
124 G

40-0
40-6 G

17-2
17-0 G
20-6 Dr.

1047
1082

London

Chatham

1656

Accidentally blown up
 in 1665(c.300 died).

64-76

?

123-6

40
41 G

16-6

1050
1104

Richard /
Royal James (1660)

Woolwich

1658

Burnt by Dutch in 1667.

70-82

?

124

41

18
21 Dr.

1108

Sovereign (RB)

Chatham

1660

Rebuilt in 1685.

92-102

167-9

127

47-10

19-2
24 Dr.
(laden)

1545

Royal Prince (RB)

Woolwich

1663

Captured and burnt
by Dutch in 1666.

86-92

160+

132

45-2

18-10

1432

Royal Oak

Portsmouth

1664

Burnt by Dutch in 1667.

76-79

c.154-0

121

39-10

17-1.5
19-6 Dr.

1021

Royal Katherine

Woolwich

1664

Made into a three-decker 1673.
Rebuilt in 1702.
Designed dimensions :
120 x 40 x 17-4, 1021 tons.

76-86 

153-1

124
 

39-8
41 G

17-3
17-8 G
20 Dr. 

1037
1108

Loyal London

Deptford

1666

Burnt by Dutch in 1667.
Beam or keel length was wrong,
if the bm. was 1236.
The ship remain used to build
a new London 1670.  
A.Deane:129 x 43-9 x 19.
1312 tons, draught 21 ft.

80-92

127

41-9,5

17
19 Dr.

1236?
(1180)

Victory (RB)

Chatham

1666

Broken up in 1691. 

73-82

?

121

40

17-0
17-4 Dr.

1029

Charles /
St George (1687)

Deptford

1668

Rebuilt in 1699-1701.

96

162-6

128

42-6

18-6
21 Dr.

1229

St Michael /
Marlborough (1706)

Portsmouth

1669

Rebuilt in 1708.
Designed dimensions:
122-6 x 40 x 17-5, 1042 tons.

90-98


155-2 G

125
122-6 G

40-8.5
41-8 G

17-5
19-8 Dr.

1101
1131

London (RB)?

Deptford

1670

Rebuilt in 1703-08. 

96

160-8
161

129

44

19
(20-6 Dr.)

1328

St Andrew /
Royal Anne (1704)

Woolwich

1670

Rebuilt in 1703-04.

96

159

128

44

17-9
21-6 Dr.

1318
(1338)

Prince /
Royal William (1692)

Deptford

1670

Rebuilt in 1691-92. 

100

167-3

131

44-9
45-10 G

19
20-9
Dr.

1395/
1463

Royal James

Portsmouth

1671

Burnt in action in 1672.

100

?

132-6

45

18-5
19-9 Dr.

1426

Royal Charles /
Queen (1693)

Portsmouth

1673

Girdled to 46.
Rebuilt in 1691-93.

100

?

136

44-8
46 G

18-3
20-6 Dr.

1443/
1530

Royal James /
Victory (1691)

Portsmouth

1675

Rebuilt in 1691-95.

100

163-1

136

45

18-4
20-6 Dr.

1485

Vanguard

Portsmouth

1678

Commissioned 1691.
Sank in great storm 1703 while uncomissioned.
Salved and rebuilt 1705-10.

90

160

126-11

44-10

18-5
20-6 Dr.

1356

Windsor Castle

Woolwich

1678

Commissioned 1690.
Wrecked in 1693.

90

162

125-7

44-6.5

18-3
20 Dr.

1325

Duches /
Princess Anne
(1701) /
Windsor Castle
(1702) /
Blenheim (1706)

Deptford

1679

Rebuilt in 1708-09.

90

162-8

126-2

45-1

18-4
20-6 Dr.

1364

Sandwich

Harwich

1679

Rebuilt in 1709-15.

90

161-6

126-10

44-8

18-3
20 Dr.

1346

Albemarle

Harwich

1680

Rebuilt in 1701-04.

90

162

126-6

44-4

18-3,5
21 Dr.

1322

Britannia

Chatham

1682

Commissioned 1691.
Great repair 1700-01.
Broken Up 1715, and
rebuilt in 1719.
There is wide variations in the data recorded in official record.

100/102

167-5
167-5 G
167-5

136
135-8G
146

47-4
48-8 G
47-4

19-2,5
19-8 G
19-7,5
20 Dr.
(24)

1620
1709
1739

Duke /
Prince George (1701)

Woolwich

1682

Rebuilt in 1700-01.

90

162-10

126-2

45-1

18-9
20-6 Dr.

1364

Ossory /
Pr
ince (1705)

Portsmouth

1682

Commissioned 1690.
Rebuilt in 1708-11.

90

161

124-1

44-6

18-2
20 Dr.

1307

Neptune

Deptford

1683

Rebuilt in 1710.

90

163-11

127-10

45

18-6
21 Dr.

1377

Coronation

Portsmouth

1685

Commissioned 1690.
Wrecked in 1691.

90

160-4

126-4

44-9

18-2
16-4 Dr.
(20)

1345

Royal Sovereign (RB)

Chatham

1685

Accidentally burnt in 1696.

100

167-9

131
135-6C

48-0

19-2
23-6 Dr.

1605
1660

Royal William (RB)

Chatham

1692

Rebuilt in 1719.

100

167-3

132-6

47-2

18-0

1568

Queen (RB)

Woolwich

1693

BU, and rebuilt 1709-15
 as Royal George.

100

170-5

137-8

47-7

18-0

1658

Victory (RB)
Royal George (1714) /
Victory (1715)

Chatham

1695

Burnt, and BU in 1721.

100

163-1

136

45-4

18-6

1486

Association

Portsmouth  

1697

Wrecked in 1707.

90 

165

133-6

45-4 

18-3

1459 

Barfleur

Deptford

1697

Rebuilt in 1716

90

162-10,5

129-4,5

46-3.75

18-2.25

1476

Namur

Woolwich

1697

Rebuilt in 1729.

90

160-9

130

45-8

18-6

1442

Triumph /
Prince (1714)

Chatham  

1698

Rebuilt in 1738-50.

90 

160-1

131-0

 

46-1.5

 

18-3

 

1482 

RB=Rebuilt or Great repair.

 

ENGLAND FIRST RATES WARSHIPS IN 1700-1850

 

Ship name

Launch year

Built

Guns

Gun deck

Keel

Beam

Depth

Launching
Draught
(fore/aft)

Tons
(bm.)

Fate

Royal sovereign

1701

Woolwich

102-90

174-6

141-7

50-3.5

19-1

?

1904
1882

Beam 50 ft. was been used for calculating bm. 1882 tons.
Great repair in 1723-29.

Royal anne (RB)
(ex Saint Andrew)

1704

Woolwich

100

170

140-6

48

19-4

?

1721

BU 1727.

London (RB)

1706

Chatham

100

168

137-6

48
48-4.5G

19-2

?

1685
1711G

Paid off 1707, and never recommissioned.
Docked at Chatham 1718 for
Great repair 1718-21.
Girled in great repair.
BU 1747.

Royal george (RB)
(ex Queen) /
Royal Anne(1756)

1715

Woolwich

100/90

171-9

139-7

49-3

19-6

?

1800

Second rate 90-gun ship 1745.
BU 1767.

Royal william (RB)

1719

Portsmouth

100-84

175-4

142-7

50-3,5

20-1

14-3,5/16-4

1918

Never fitted sea as a 100 gun ship. Cut down to a 2th.rate
of 84 guns in 1756.
Hulked 1790. BU 1813.

Britannia (RB)

1719

Woolwich

100

174-6

141-6.5

50-2

19-10

?

1894

Commissioned 1734.
hulked 1745. BU 1749-50.

Royal Sovereign (RB)

1729

Chatham

100

175

140

50-3.5

20-1

?

1883

Commissioned 1741.
Second rate 90-gun ship 1756.
Guard ship 1759. BU 1768.

Victory

1737

Portsmouth

100

174-9

141-7

50-6

20-6

(23-0)

1920

Keel laid down 1733.
Built from remains of the Victory of 1695 (ex Royal James 1675),
which was burnt  a fire in 1721.
Lost without trace in 1744.
Wreck discovered 2008.
Calculated displacement  2906 t. (102 626 cubit foot, Chapman 1754)

Royal George

1756

Woolwich

100

178

143-5.5

51-9,5

21-6

14-8/16-1

2046

Laid down 1747.
Built of the Royal Anne (1704) remains, which was BU 1727.
Wrecked at Spithead in1782 with most of the aboard.

Britannia /
Princess Royal(1812) /
Saint George (1815) /
Barfleur (1825)

1762

Portsmouth

100

178

145-2

52-0,5

21-6

13-6/18-6

2091

Keel laid down 1751.
Not commissioned until 1778.
at Trafalgar 1805 losing 10 killed, and 42 wounded.
Hulked as a prison ship 1813.
BU 1825.

Victory

1765

Chatham

104-98

184

152-6.625

51-7,5

21-6

13-6/17-4
23-9/24-5
(1793)

2162

Keel laid down 1759.
Not commissioned until 1778.
at Trafalgar losing 57 killed and
102 wounded.
Second rate 98-guns 1808.
Later reclassed as 100 guns.
Hulked 1824.
Converted during 1920s her
appearance at the time of  battle of Trafalgar.

Ville De Paris

1782
(prize)

Rochefort

104

185-7,5

153

53-8,5

22-2

?

2347

Wrecked in a hurricane off Newfoundland 1782.
 (one survivor)

Royal Sovereign /
Captain (1825)

1786

Plymouth

100

183-10,5

150-9,125

52-1

22-2.5

?

2175

Keel laid down 1774.
at Trafalgar losing 47 killed, and
94 wounded.
Laid up in ordinary 1815.
Hulked 1825. BU 1841.

Royal George
(ex Umpire)

1788

Chatham

100

190

156-2,375

52-5,5

22-4

14-9/19-5

2286

Keel laid down 1784.
Laid up 1814.
BU 1822.

Queen Charlotte

1790

Chatham

100

190

156-2,375

52-5,5

22-4

14-11/19-3

2286

Keel laid down 1785.
Caught fire by accidentally, and Blown up 1800.
(c.690 died)

Commerce de Marseilles

1793
(prize)

Toulon

130

208-4

172-0.1

54-9.5

25-0,5

?

2746

Hulked 1796. BU 1802

Ville de Paris

1795

Chatham

110/112

190-2.5

156-1.5

53-2,5

22-2,5

14-8/18-4

2351

Keel laid down 1789.
Re-rated as a 112 guns in 1817.
Hulked 1825. BU 1845.

Salvador del mundo

1797
(prize)

Havanna

112

190

152-11

54-3,5

23-3

?

2397

Never fitted for sea by RN.
BU 1815.

San josef

1797
(prize)

Ferrol

114

194-3

156-11,3

54-3

24-3,5

?

2456

BU 1849.

Dreadnought
(ex 2.rate)

1801

Portsmouth

98/104

184-11

152-2,75

51-2,5

21-6

14-7/17-6

2123

Hulked 1825. BU 1857.

Hibernia

1804

Plymouth

116/120

201-2
202-8,75

167-6,125
167-10,5

53-0,625
53-2,75

22-4
22-6

?

2499
2530
2530

Keel laid 1792.
120-guns 1819.
Hulked 1855. Sold 1902.

Ocean
(ex 2.rate)

1805

Woolwich

98/110/80

196-6,5

164-0,125

51-1

21-6

14-2/17

2276

Reclassed to first rate 1817 (110).
Cut down to the third rate of 80-guns in 1821. Hulked 1831.
BU 1875.

Caledonia

1808

Plymouth

120

205-5,5

170-4,125

53-8,75

23-2

15-10/18-2

2616

Hulked to
“Greenwich Seamens”
hospital ship 1856, and renamed “Dreadnought”.
BU 1875.

Queen Charlotte /
Excellent (1859)

1810

Deptford

104

190-0,5

156-2,75

52-5,75

22-4

16-3/19-9

2288

Hulked 1859.
Sold for BU 1892.

Impregnable /
Kent (1883) /
Caledonia (1891)
(ex 2.rate)

1810

Chatham

98/106

196

163-7

51-2

22-2

14-3/17-4

2278

Reclassed to first rate 1817 (106).
Harbour flagship at Plymouth
in 1839.
Hulked 1862 and became training ship. Sold 1906.

Boyne /
Excellent (1834) /
Queen Charlotte (1859)
(ex 2.rate)

1810

Portsmouth

98/104

186-3

153-2,875

51-5

22-1

14-6/18-1

2155

Reclassed to first rate 1817 (104).
Hulked , and became a gunnery training ship in 1834. BU 1861.

Union
(ex 2.rate)

1811

Plymouth

98/104/80 /76

186-0,625

153-1

51-4,5

22

14-7/17-8

2149

Reclassed to first rate 1817 (104).
Cut down to a third rate of
80/76 gun ship in 1830.
BU 1833.

Nelson

1814

Woolwich

120

205-0,75

170-10

53-8

24

?

2617

Converted to the screw line
of battle ship 1858.
Sold 1898. BU 1928.

Saint Lawrence

1814

Kingston

112/100
102

191-2
194-2

157-8,625
157-2,625

52-7
52-7

18-6
18-6

?

2305
(2320)
(2312)

Sold 1832.

Howe

1815

Chatham

120

205

170-7

53-8,75

24

?

2619

BU 1854.

Saint Vincent

1815

Plymouth

120

204-11

170-6,25

53-8

24

14-4/18-9,5

2612

Hulked 1862.
Sold for BU 1906.

Trafalgar /
Camperdown (1825) /
Pitt (1882)

1820

Chatham

106

196

162-9

52-6

22-8

 

2386

hulked  to coal depot 1860.
Sold 1906.
Guns: 28-32, 30-18, 38-12, 10-32c., 6-18c.

Britannia

1820

Plymouth

120

205

170-9,5

53-8

23-2

?

2616

hulked 1855.
Cadet training ship 1859.
BU 1869.

Prince Regent

1823

Chatham

122/92

205-0,75

170-9

53-7,75

23-2,25

?

2613

Cut down to second rate
in 1847 (92-guns).
Converted to the screw line
of battle ship 1861.
BU 1873.

Princess Charlotte

1825

Portsmouth

104

197-7
197-7

163-4
163-4

52-9
52-10

22-6
22-6

?

2417
2443

Hulked 1857. Sold 1875.

Royal George

1827

Chatham

120

205-7,5

171

53-7,5

23-2

15-10/18-2

2615

Converted to the screw line
of battle ship 1854.
Sold 1875.

Royal Adelaide
(ex London)

1828

Plymouth

104

197-7
197-7

163-4
163-4

52-9
52-10

22-6
22-6

?
?

2417
2446

Hulked 1869. Sold 1905.

Neptune

1832

Portsmouth

120

205-8

170-5,75

54-7,5

23-2

?

2705

Converted to the screw line
of battle ship of 72-guns
in 1859. BU 1875.

Royal william

1833

Pembroke

120

205-5,5

170-3

54-7

23

?

2698

Converted to the screw line
of battle ship of 72-guns in
1860. Hulked 1885.
Burnt by accident 1889.

Waterloo /
Conqueror (1862)

1833

Chatham

120

205-6

170-5,625

54-9

23-2

?

2718

Converted to the screw line
of battle ship 1859.
to the Marine Society 1876.
Burnt 1918.

Queen

1839

portsmouth

108/86

204-2,5


166-5,5

59-2,5
60-0,5

23-9

14-1/19-0

(24-5/25-6)
(loaded)

3104

Converted to the screw line
of battle ship of 86-guns
in 1858-59. BU 1871.
Largest English sailing warship ever.
Length between perpendiculars c.207-4 ft.(63,19 m),
and beam in waterline 59-2 ft. (18,05 m).
beam overall for tonnage was 60-0,5 ft.
Extreme Length was 247-6 ft. (75,44 m).
Guns : 104-32, 4-18, 6-68c.

Saint George

1840

Plymouth

120

205-5.5

170-5

54-9,25

23-2,25

?

2719

Converted to the screw line
of battle ship 1859.
Sold 1883.

Trafalgar /
Boscawen (1873)

1841

Woolwich

120

205-6

170-5

54-9,5

23-2

?

2721

Converted to the screw line
of battle ship 1859.
Sold 1906.

Screw ships

Duke of Wellington

1852

Pembroke

114/131

240-6

201-8

59-2/
60

24-8

?

3759

Hulked 1863.
Sold 1904.

Royal Albert

1854

Woolwich

114/121

232-9

193-6,125

60-2/
61

24-2

?

3726

Orginally ordered and begun as a sailing ship 1844,
but in 1851 changed to screw, and added 12-9 ft. to length.
Sold for BU 1884.
Overall breadth was 61 ft.

Marlborough

1855

Portsmouth

114/131

245-6

206-3,875

60-4,5/
61-2,5

25-10

?

4000

Hulked 1878.
Sold 1924.

Royal Sovereign

1857

Portsmouth

114/121

240-7

201-11,125

59-2,5/
60-0,5

25-4

?

3765

Sold for BU 1885.

Victoria

1859

Portsmouth

121

260

221

59-3/
60-1

26-10

27 (mean)

4127

displacement 6959 tn.
Sold 1893.

Howe

1860

Pembroke

121/110

260

219-10,375

60-3/
61-1

26-10

?

4245

Never Commisioned as a 3-decker.
Sold 1921.

Prince of Wales

1860

Portsmouth

114/121

252

213

59-2,5/
60-2,5

24-8

?

3994

Hulked 1909.
Sold 1914.

 

 

*rebuilt or great repair

 Some guns that Royal Navy used (source :”The Arming and fitting of English Ships of War 1600-1815”, “The Line of Batle”)

Type

shot weight
nominally/
(actually)?
(pdr.)

Gun Length

Gun weight
(cwt.=112 lb.)

calibre

used/ notice

Cannon-of-seven

42 / (47)

10 / 9-6

54-62 (brass)
65 (iron)

7”

c.1637-1807

Demi-cannon

32 / (27)

up to 12 ft. (16th.century)
8-6 (1653)
8-9 (1655)
9-6 (1677)
9-6/10 (1703)

53-55 (1653-1780s)
55/58 (1782)

6”

16th. century -
end of sail.

Cannon Perrier

24,5

?

c.3000 lb. (1590)

6”

Obsolete c.1635.
early guns was breech-loading, and fired stone shot.
Later muzzle-loading, and iron shot.

24-pounder

24

9/9-6/10

45/51/52 (10 ft.)
38-47 (9 ft.)

?

Dutch made war prize guns.
In 1685 there was 347 them.
Captured from 1652.

Culverin

18 / (15)

8 (1653)
11 (1698)
8,5 – 10 ft.
(most used)

30-47 (8-6 – 10 ft.)
18th. century:
41/42 (9-6 ft.)
39-42 (9 ft.)
after 1780 :
37-38.

5”

16th. century -
end of sail.

12-pounder

12

orginally:
9 ft.-10 ft.
8-6 (1743)
7-6 (1750s)
7 (19th.century)

28,5 (7-6 ft.)

?

Orginally captured from Dutch.
In 1664 there was 462 of them.

Demi-culverin

9

5 ft. – 10,5 ft.
6 ft. – 10 ft.
(most used)

11 (5 ft.)(1679)
36 (10 ft.) (1679)
23 (7 ft.) (1761)
26 (9 ft.) (1761)

4,5”

16th. century -
end of sail.

8-pounder

8

7-8

19-21

?

Dutch gun.
there was 254 gun in 1664.
Never made in Britain.

6-pounder

6

6 – 9,5 ft.

16-24 (1782)

?

440 was available in 1664.
558 in 1685.

Saker

late16th.
century:
7/6/4,75
early 17th.
century:
5,25

4,5 – 10 ft.
ordinary:
8 or more ft.

7-19 (cutts)
16-30 (ordinary)

3,5”

used up to 1730.
Last guns made up to 1660!

Minion/
4-pounder

4

4-7 ft.
5,5/6 ft. (4 pdrs.)

4-9
11 (5,5 ft.)
12 (6 ft.)

?

minion died around 1715.
4-pounders used up to 1800.

3-pounder

3

4,5 – 6 ft.

4-9
7 (4,5 ft. after 1743)

?

Orginally Dutch gun.
324 available 1685.

 

COMPARE IN FRENCH AND ENGLAND SHIPBUILDING IN 1661-1715

 

(50-Guns and more are counting)

LaunchYears

FRANCE

ENGLAND

1661-65

1x84,3x60-66,3x54-58 = 7

2x76 = 2

1666-70

2x120,2x100-104,8x80-84,12x70-76,7x60-66,11x50-58 =42

1x100,4x90-96,1x80,4x70-72,3x64-66,3x50-54 = 16

1671-75

1x108,1x80,3x76,4x60-64,14x52-58 = 23

3x100,3x70-74,1x64,2x54 = 9

1676-80

1x88,1x84,2x76,7x60-68,2x50-58 =13

5x90,20x70 = 25

1681-85

1x84,2x76,7x60-66,3x56-58 = 13

1x100,4x90 = 5

1686-90

1x94,2x84,6x70,10x60-68,6x50-58 = 25

3x50 = 3

1691-95

1x112,4x100-104,14x90-98,4x84-88,3x70-76,12x60-68,9x50-58 = 47

15x80,3x70,9x60-64,21x50 = 48

1696-00

1x70,3x60-64,4x50-54 = 8

4x90,2x80,4x70,2x60,12x50 = 24

1701-05

2x72-76,3x62-64,9x52-58 = 14

2x100,3x70,2x60,7x50 =14

1706-10

4x72-74,1x60,3x54-56 = 8

1x100,2x80,6x70,4x60,8x50 = 21

1711-15

1x70*,1x62 =2

1x100,1x60,5x50 = 7

Sub-total

2x120, 1x112, 7x100-108, 15x90-98, 19x80-88, 36x70-76,58x60-68, 64x50-58 = 202( 193)

9x100, 17x90-96, 20x80, 43x70-74, 24x60-64, 55x50-54 = 168 (165)

*France : sub total including 8-bought ship (1x80,1x76,1x74,4x72,1x70) in 1660s

*France : in 1711-15 launch a 70-gun ship was in 1688 a 84-gun ship.

*England : sub total in 1701-1715 are including 3x100 -gun ships ,which rebuilt.

"Royal Sovereign 100-gun" in 1701 are counting as a new ship,because the previous Royal Sovereign burnt in 1696.

.

England shipbuilding in 1650-1849

 

 

1650-1699

1700-1749

1750-1799

1800-1849

Guns

Launch a new ships

Guns

Launch a new ships

Guns

Launch a
new ships

Guns

Launch a new ships

100

5

100

1

110

1

120-122

12

90-96

17

90

-

100

6

116

2

80

19

80

3

90-98

23

104-112

9

70-76

37

70-74

20

80

4

90-98

6

60-66

16

60-66

30

74

91

80-86

60

50-56

55

50-54

47

60-70

70

70-74

44

Total

149

Total

101

50-52

25

60-68

-

 

 

 

 

Total

220

50

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

138

Note : In addition above the english rebuilt or great repair at least 152 ships in period 1700-1750
the five 64 guns ex East Indiaman are counted in 1750-1799 section.