|Home| |Sweden|

SWEDEN WARSHIPS 1600-1649  (over 500 ton.)

 

(notice : All dimensions are in swedish feet = 296,9 mm,)
(guns are probably measured by Germans pound, which is very close to 0.5 kg. However, there was change of measurement sometime in 17th. Century)

Lenght measured from stem to sternpost, beam measured inside planking and draught is measured from 1678.
The depth (“djup I rummet”) was probably measured in Dutch way (in1620/1630s).

Large ships 1600-1649 (over 500 ton.)

Ship name /
Also called

Years

Built

Fate / Notice / Gun sizes
(m.=stormstycken=assaultgun)

Guns

Dimensions *
l x b x dr., L=läst

Ton.
(Glete)

Crew /
(Year)

Förgyllda Äpplet/
Äpplet (I)

1601-1611

Åland

Built by (young)Thomas Nilsson
in 1600-1602.
Launched 5.8.1601
Lost at Kalmar 1611.
Broadsides 348 lb. (50) (1611)

50

48 alnar keel.
12 beam “i slag”
19 beam “overlöppet
18 “framstäv hänger
(c.138x38x15, 800t.)

800

50+400
(1609)

Röde Lejonet /
Svenska Lejonet

1601/2-1611

Västerås or
Kungsör

Taken by Danish 1611.
Broadsides 122 lb. (26) (1611)

26

?

600

46+50

Scepter

1601/2-1611

Stegeborg

Lost in action 1611.
23-guns :
(2-24, 2-9, 13-6, 2-1, 2-05, 2-?).
Broadsides 171 lb. (34) (1611)

23-34

250 L.

700

58+?

Smålands Lejonet

(1601)-1622

Björkenäs

Launched between 1599-1602.
46-guns (2-24, 6-12, 4-9, 10-6, 3-3, 4-1, 17-?)
Broadsides 205 lb. (43)

43-46

?

800

85+115

Svärdet / Gamla Svärdet (1626)
/ Rikssvärdet

1604/5-1630

Västerås

Deleted from list 1630.
Broadsides 480 lb. (32) (1621)

32

? (300 L.)

900

95+100

Lejoninnan

1608-1611

(prize)

Dutch merchant.
Captured by Danes (lost in action) 1611.
Broadsides 192 lb. (34) (1611)

34

?

600

51+?

Hollands Förgyllda Rosen/
Blomman (1610)

1609-1627

(prize)

Dutch merchant.
Deleted from list 1627.
Broadsides 73/120 lb. (22/24) (1611/1621)

22-24

? (200 L.)

600

67/52+?

Hektor /
Älvsborgs Hektor
(ex Hjorten)

1609/10-1612

Älvsborg

Taken by Danish 1612.
Broadsides 160 lb. (20)

20

(102kl. x 28 x 14)?

700

50+65

Scepter /
Riksscepter
(ex Arnö Byggning)

(1615)-1639
(1616-37)

Arnö

Deleted from list 1639.
Broadsides 258 lb. (36) (1621/1631)

30-36

? (250 L.)

800

120+200

Nyckeln /
Riks-Nyckeln

1616-1628

Västervik ?

Wrecked 1628.
Broadsides 372 lb. (28) (1621)

22-28

? (250L.)

800

116+250

(Riks) Kronan/
Gamla Kronan (1632)

1618/9-1643

Harbovik

Deleted from list 1643.
Broadsides 678 lb. (52) (1621)

32-52

? (350 L.)

1050

113+250

Andromeda

1620-1648

Stockholm

Sunk 1648.
Broadsides 210 lb. (26) (1621/1631)

26-32

? (160/200 L.)

600

60+150

Stockholm
(ex Hector)

1621/2-1656

Stockholm

Deleted from list 1652/3 (Glete).
Last mentioned 1656.
Guns:16-12,8-3,4-48 stormstycken.

24-36

? x ? x 13
(250L.)

800

186
185 (1643)
74+90

Äpplet / Riks-Äpplet

1621-1625

Västervik

Sold back to the builders 1625.
Gun
s(1625): 20-48, 10-12, 16-3,
6-"stormstycken", 10-"märshakar"

46+16

72 alnar keel.
19 alnar beam
7 alnar "djup i rummet"

1300

346
164+?

Apollo

1622-1648

Harbovik

Building master: Isbrand Johanson
Sunk 1648.
Guns:10-12,16-6,2-3.
Broadsides 248 lb. (28) (1631)

18-34

117 x 28-9 x 14
(230L.)

600

114+150
137 (1643)

Maria

1622-1625

Stockholm

Lost by storm 1625.
Broadsides 306 lb.(26)

26

127-6 x 29-6 x 13
c.98 ft. Keel. 200 L.

600

64+80

Caesar
(ex Alexander Magnus)

1623/4-1627

Västervik
(Stockholm)

Wrecked 1627.
Broadsides 216 lb.(26)

26

100 kl. x 26 x ?
200 L.

600

116+150

Gustavus

1623/4-1625

Västervik

Lost by storm 1625.
Broadsides 384 lb.
(42)

42

? (250 L.?)

800

75+80

Kristina

1624-1628

Holland
(bought)

Lost by polish landartillery 1628.
Broadsides 276 lb.
(42) 

42

? (250 L.)

700

75+90

Akilles /
Achilles

1624/5-1647

Västervik

Sold 1647.
Broadsides 204 lb. (22) (1631)
26-guns 1644.

22-26

? (200 L.)
(100 kl. x 26)

600

116+150

Merkurius
(ex Svarta Hunden)

1624/5-1649

Stockholm
(Västervik)

Deleted from list 1649/50.
Broadsides 252 lb. (30) (1631)

30

? (230 L.)

700

80+?

Svärdet /
Nya Svärdet
(ex Samson)

1625-1658

Stockholm

Building master: Henrik Hybertson.
Wrecked 1658.
Guns:18-12,8-3,4-48 m. 
40-guns (532 lb.) in 1658.
2-24,20-14,10-10,4-6,4-3
in 8/1658.
30-guns (240 lb.) in 1631.

26-44

136 x 34 x 16
(111kl. x 31 x 13)
(300 L.)

800
(900)

70+80
187 (1645)
219 (1657)
190 (1658)

Tre kronor

1625-1650

Stocholm

Last mentioned 1650.
Guns:
24-12,10-6,4-stormstycken (9 lb?.)
= 384 lb. Broadsides.

22-38

108 kl. x 31-6 x 12
(c.128 x 33-8)
(300L.)

800

65+80
146 (1643)
139 (1645)

Västervik

1626/7-1645

Västervik

Wrecked 1645.
(Out of list 1645.)
Broadsides 228 lb. (24) (1631)

24-26

? (160 L.)(230L.)

700

60+70

Vasa / Wasa

1627-1628

Stockholm

Building master: Henrik Hybertson.
Ld. 3/1626, launched 1627.
Henrik Hybertson died 5/1627.

Sunk in her maiden voyage 10.8.1628.
Guns:48-24,8-3,2-1,2-62m.,3-35m.,1-16m. 
(designed to carry 74-guns (1440 lb.)
Orginal design beam was 36 ft.
Ship max hull beam was 11,7 m ,
and draught was 4,8 m
Length from stern gallery to figurehead was c.60 m

64

160 x 37-5 x 16
128 ft. Keel.
(400 L.)

1250

145+300

Äpplet

1628/9-1659

Stockholm

It was said in letter 1632 that Kronan(1632)
was 5 feet longer and 1,5 feet wider, and 1 foot more “djup i rummet” than largest ship in the fleet (Äpplet).
Kronan dimension was known in 1660s:
165 or 165-6 x 44 ft.
Sunk 1659.
Guns:54-24,8-6,4-48m.(1628/9).
4-36,24-24,24-12,14-6,2-3(1645).
26-24,24-12,18-6,6-3(1658).

66-74

c.160 x 42-6
(Glete research)

1600

(317)(1629)
346 (1645)
418 (1658)

Västgöta Lejonet

1629-1646

Göteborg

Sold 1646.
Broadsides 240 lb. (24) (1631)

24-26

? (200 L.)

700

80+?

Nyckeln /
Riks-Nyckeln

1630-1659

Stockholm

Broken up 1659. 
B
roadsides 624 lb. (34) (1631)

32-34

? (350 L.)

900

188
90+?

Samson

1631-1659

Västervik

Sunk 1659. 
Guns:4-24,16-14,2-12,4-10,4-6,2-5,1-3
=33 in 8/1658.
34-guns (420 lb.) in 1658.
516 lb. (28)

24-36

113 x 28-9 x 14
(113x32x14)
107 ft. Keel.,
(200L.)

900
(600)

182 (1643)
206 (1657)
113 (1658)

Draken

1632-1652/3
(1644-1662)

Riga

Delet from list 1652/53.
Börjeson : 1644-1662.
Lying as a wreck at Stockholm in 1662.

40

?

900

188 (1644)

Hannibal

1632/3-1636

Göteburg

Wrecked 1636.

?

?

550?

?

Hans von Wismar

1632-1635

(prize)

Taken at Wismar 1632.
Ex Imperiaal ship.
Wrecked 1635.
Broadsides 192 lb. (18)

18

? (250 L.)

700?

80+75

Kronan /
Riks-Kronan /
(Gamla) Kronan

1632-1675

Stockholm

Building master: Henrik Jakobson.
Launched 9/1632.
Unseaworthy 1669. Sunk 1675.
Guns:
4-36,20-24,24-12,16-6,2-3,2-24 m.(1645).
24-24,4-14,26-12,14-6,6-3 (1658). 

68-74

165-6 or 165 x 44
(1660s)
(500L.)

1700

402
326 (1658)

Recompens
(ex Maria Recompens)

1632-1658

(prize)

Taken at Wismar 1632.
Ex imperiaal ship.
Fireship 1658. Sunk 1659.
Broadsides 252 lb. (24)

22-26

?

600

147 (1645)

Göteborg

1633-1656
(bought)

Göteborg

Built at Göteborg 1631/2.
Deleted from list 1652/53.
Börjeson :Sunk 1656.
Note ! there were also another Göteborg(1643)
in Börjeson list (sunk 1667) ?

30-36

120 x 27 x 12
(91 ft. Keel)

900?
(550)

188 (1643)

Jupiter

1633-1647

Göteborg

Sold to France 1647. 

34-50

138 x 33 x 15
(106 ft. Keel)(200L.)
128f x 31-4f x 13f
(keel : 96-10f)

900

189 (1643)

Mars

1633-1660

Västervik

Broken up 1660. 
Guns:
6-24,16-18,8-12,2-3,2-24m.(1645).
6-24,2-18,8-14,4-12,18-6,2-3(1658).
6-24,2-18,14-14,8-12,8-6,4-3(1658).
26-guns (516 lb.)

26-44

125-6 x 28-6 x 14
(107 kl. x 32 x 14)

900

161 (1643)
194 (1645)
206 (1657)
204 (1658)
231 (1658)

Smålands lejon

1634-1647

Stocholm

Sold to France 1647. 

32-46

122f x 30f x 12f
(keel:98f)
(300L.)

800

184 (1644)
182 (1644)

Göta ark

1634-1658

Göteborg

Building master: Albrekt van Velden.
Condemned 1650.
Broken up 1658.
Guns:
4-36,22-24,28-12,16-6,2-24m(1645). 

68-74

168 x 40 x 17
130 ft. Keel.

1600

356 (1645)
402 (1644)

Scepter

1636-1675

Stockholm

Launched 1634.
Deleted 1671? (Glete).
Unseaworthy 1656?. Sunk 1675. 
Guns:
4-36,16-24,22-12,14-6,2-3(1645).
24-24, 24-12, 16-6, 6-3 (1658).

58-70

159 x 38
(450L.)

1350

346 (1645)
418 (1658)

Raphael/
Rafael /
Ängel Rafael

1640-1660

Västervik
(bought)

Sold 1660.
Guns: 16-14,8-6,6-3=30 in 8/1658. 

26-36

103 x 20 x 15-6
(190L.)

600

145 (1658)

Leoparden

1640/1-1658

Västervik
(bought)

Burnt after action 1658.
Guns: 16-14,4-10,6-8,6-3
=32 in 8/1658.
32-guns (3
86 lb.) in 1658. 

20-36

110-6 x 26-6 x 13
(200L.)

600

168 (1644)
156 (1657)
154 (1658)

Regina
(ex Christina)

1643/4-1647

Stockholm

Sold to France 1647. 

32-38

117-6f x 29-6f x 11-3f

700

164 (1643)

Delmenhorst

1644-1658

(prize)

Ex Danish Delmenhost 1633.
captured by Dutch in 1658, and
sold back to Danes.

34

125 x 28 x 11-9 (Danish) ?

650

?

Nye St Jakob

1644-1645

(prize)

ex Hamburg merchant.
Returned 1645.

?

?

600?

?

Oldenburg

1644-1660

(prize)

Ex Danish Oldenborg(32) built 1628.
Condemned 1660.

30-48

?

900

?

Patentia

1644-1654

(prize)

Ex Danish Patentia(49) built 1616.
Last mentioned 1654.

44-49

?

1100

?

Stormaren

1644-1645

(prize)

ex Danish Stormarn 1644.
Wrecked 1645.
The depth figure seem to be to small.

26-32

111-6d x 26d x 6d
(35,0 x 8,2 x 1,9 m)

600?

?

Tre Lejon

1644-1667

(prize)

Ex Danish Tre Løver(38) built 1638-42.
Sunk 1667.
8-24, 12-20, 28-?

48-50

126-9d x 30-3d x 10-3d

900?

293

Örnen

1644-1680

(prize)

Ex Danish Ørnen (c.30)
taken on stocks at Neustadt.
Sunk 1680.
Guns: 14-14,6-12,10-6,2-3=32
in 8/1658.

32-40

129-6 x 30 x 13

650

166 (1658)

Julius

1646/7-1648

Stockholm

Giwen France 1648.

36-42f

?

700

?

Wismar

1646/7-1692
(1649-1692)
(bought)?

Wismar

(Bought 1649)
Giwen away 1692.
Guns:24-12,18-6,6-4,6-3,4-2 (1675)
36-guns (426 lb.) in 1658.
2-24,2-18,18-14,2-8,2-6,8-5,2-3( 8/1658).
52/58-guns (1677).

36-58

131-6 x 28-6 x 15

650

186 (1657)
250 (1677)
186 (1658)
131(1658)

Västervik
(ex Småland)

1647-1676
(bought)

Västervik

Accidentally burnt 1676.
Guns:12-12,10-8,14-6,4-3 (1675)
2-24,2-18,12-14,10-12,2-10,4-8,
4-6,2-3 = 38 ( 8/1658). 

38-44

125-6 x 28-6 x 14

600

146 (1657)
137 (1658)

Apollo

1648-1675/6
(1654-1677)
(bought)?

Wismar
(Västervik)

Deleted from list 1675/76 (Glete).
Börjeson: Built at Västervik, and bought 1654.
Sunk 1677.
Guns: 2-24,14-14,2-12,2-8,8-6,2-3
( 8/1658).
32-guns (382 lb.) in 1658. 

30-46

117 x 28-9 x 14

550

156 (1657)
153 (1658)

Caesar
(ex Heliga Tre Konungar ?)

1648-1677

Wismar
(Stockholm)

Captured by Danes 1677.
Guns:2-24,8-18,26-12,14-6,6-3 (1675)
22-24,20-12,6-6,2-3=50 (8/1658).
60-guns, when captured.

46-60

132 x 33 x 15
126 x 31-3 x 12-2d

850

240 (1657)
217 (1658)
240 (1677)

Maria

1648-1677

Stockholm

Condemned 1677.
Guns: 4-24,20-14,12-6,3-3=39 
39-guns in 8/1658.

38-46

129-6 x 29-6 x 15

650

186 (1657)
152 (1658)

Sankt Anna
(ex Caesar)

1648/9-1650

Stockholm

Given to France by queen of
Sweden 1650. 

40-46

126 x 28-6
115 x 26 x 11 x 12(dr.) f

850
(650)

?

 

Some Sources :

1. List of men of war 1650-1700 part III
2. Svenska flottans Historia vol.1
3.
Sveriges Sjökrig 1611-1632
4. Svenskt Speppsbyggeri