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Some Turkish Ships of the Line
(Zirai=757,74 mm, two kadem or ayak was one zirai. Other old length measures was : “arsin”=68 cm, and “endaze”=65 cm )

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Ship or Captain Name

Year

Out of
Year

Guns

Building
Place

Keel
(zirai)?

Crew

Note

 

Tersâne-i Âmire

1682

?

?

?

?

?

First Ottoman sailing ship (ship of the line)

 

?

1682-83

?

60
56

Istanbul

3x50
5x45

400
300

There were 8 large ships built 1682-83.
The 50 zirai ships have 66-gun ports, and
45 zirai ships have 60-gun ports.

 

Kebîr kalyon

1701

?

130

?

?

?

Big Galleon (same ship as below ?)

 

Kebir Üç Ambarlı ?

1704

?

114

Istanbul

60

1200-
1500

New Ship launched 1704.
there were 120-gun ports.
54 pdrs. in lower deck. + 8-132 pdr.
114-guns, crew 1500 (1717).

 

Mezamorta Kapudane
(Captain)

1704
listed

?

108

?

58

1000

54 pdrs. in lower deck.
there was 112 gun ports.
(Zorlu: built 1700, 112 guns) same ship as this ?

 

Buyuk Riyale
(Captain)

1704
listed

?

104

?

55

800

54 pdrs. in lower deck.
Rear Admiral Ship.
there was 110 gun ports.

 

Kapudane
(Old, Previous)
(Captain)

1690-91

?

70

Istanbul

55

600

48 pdrs. in lower deck.
there was 80 gun ports.

 

Haji Bitula
(Captain)

?

70

Istanbul

55

600

“

 

Kolozli
(Captain)

?

70

Istanbul

55

600

“

 

Riyale (old)
(Captain)

1704
listed

?

66

?

53

550

36 pdrs. in lower deck.
there was 74-gun ports.

 

Gyor Ali
(Captain)

1704
listed

?

66

?

53

550

“

 

Eski-Marabut
(Captain)

1690-91

?

62

Istanbul

52

500

27 pdrs. in lower deck.
there was 70-gun ports.

 

Siki Buyuk
(Captain)

?

62

Istanbul

52

500

“

 

Kyor Ali
(Captain)

?

62

Istanbul

52

500

“

 

Janum Hoja
(Captain)

?

62

Istanbul

52

500

“

 

Sul Ali
(Captain)

?

62

Istanbul

52

500

“

 

Deli Balta
(Captain)

?

62

Istanbul

52

500

“

 

Bayram kapitan
(Captain, Frenchman)

?

62

Istanbul

52

500

“

 

Fontana
(Captain)

(1682-83)

?

60

Istanbul

50

400-450

27 pdrs. in lower deck.

66-gun ports.

 

Sakal Derisi
(Captain)

(1682-83)

?

60

Istanbul

50

400-450

“

 

Old Patrone
(Captain)

(1682-83)

?

60

Istanbul

50

400-450

“

 

Ramadan-Kapitan
(Captain)

1704
listed

?

50

?

43

350

21 pdrs. in lower deck.
56-gun ports.

 

Futia
(Captain)

?

50

?

43

350

“

 

Marabut
(Captain)

?

48

?

41

300

18 pdrs. in lower deck.
54-gun ports.

 

Ahmet Karvaz
(Captain)

?

48

?

41

300

“

 

Celebi
(Captain)

?

48

?

41

300

“

 

Marangos Suleiman
(Captain)

?

48

?

42

300

“

 

Sul Agiy
(Captain)

?

36

?

45

300

15 pdrs. in lower deck.
Rebuilt from galley.

 

Suleiman Kapitan
(Captain, Dutchman)

?

40

?

32

200

12 pdrs in lower deck.

 

Mayor Kik
(Captain, Frenchman)

?

?

?

?

?

Old, to been broken up.

 

Ships which took part in battle of matapan 1717. (there was also 114 gun Kebir Üç Ambarlı  which I listed  in the year 1704).

 

Ejder Başlı

1717
mentioned

?

?

?

?

900

 

Şadırvan Kıçlı

?

66

?

?

750

 

Siyah At Başlı

?

?

?

?

750

 

Çifte Ceylan Kıçlı

?

70

?

?

900

 

Beyaz At Başlı

?

66

?

?

750

 

Kula At Başlı

?

?

?

?

700

 

Yaldızlı Hurma

?

70

?

?

750

 

Büyük Gül Başlı

?

66

?

?

700

 

Yılan Başlı

?

34

?

?

750

including 2x"üç kantar" guns.

 

Ifrit Başlı

?

62

?

?

650

 

Çifte Teber Kıçlı

?

58

?

?

?

 

Küçük Gül Başlı

?

60

?

?

600

 

Zülfikâr Kıçlı

?

56

?

?

650

 

Akçaşehir

?

56

?

?

600

 

Al At Başlı

?

?

?

?

450

 

Servi Bagçeli

?

54

?

?

500

 

Siyah Arslan Başlı

?

?

?

?

?

 

Ay Bagçeli

?

54

?

?

450

 

Yıldız Bagçeli

?

58

?

?

450

 

Yaldızlı Nar Kıçlı

?

52

?

?

450

 

Yeşil Kuşaklı

?

?

?

?

400

 

Sarı Kuşaklı

?

54

?

?

400

 

Kırmızı Kuşaklı

?

52

?

?

400

 

Mavi Arslan Başlı

?

44

?

?

400

 

Taç Başlı

?

?

?

?

?

 

Yıldız Kıçlı

?

40

?

?

300

 

Güneş Kıçlı

?

40

?

?

300

 

Mavi Kıçlı Karavele

?

38

?

?

250

 

Kuş Bagçeli Karavele

?

44

?

?

300

 

 

C̹ift Aslan

1723-26
(1736-39)
(zorlu)

?

108

?

?

1500

Guns: 8-112, 22-48 (1), 2-24, 30-18 (2),
28-12 (3), 18-8

 

Cift Kaplan

?

102

?

?

1300

 

 

Sipah-i Bahr

?

98

?

?

1100

 

 

Malika-i Bahr

?

98

?

?

1000

 

 

 

Yaldizli Hurma

1736-39
mentioned

?

72

?

?

800

 

Cift ?

?

72

?

?

800

Not mentioned zorlu

 

Deve Kusu

?

68

?

?

800

 

Sadirvan Kicli

?

68

?

?

800

 

Ispinoz

?

68

?

?

800

 

Büyük Gülbas̹h

?

66

?

?

750

Guns: 28-24, 2-18, 28-12, 8-8.

 

Kütcük Gül Basli

?

66

?

?

750

 

Iki Bagc̹eli

?

66

?

?

750

Guns: 4-112, 24-48, 2-18, 28-12, 8-8.

 

Akrep Basli

?

66

?

?

750

 

Beyaz At

?

66

?

?

750

 

Al qasr

?

62

?

?

650

 

Zülfikar

?

62

?

?

650

 

Yaldizli Sâhin

?

62

?

?

650

Guns: 26-18, 28-12, 8-8.

 

Selvi Bagceli

?

62

?

?

650

 

Yaldiz Bagceli

?

58

?

?

500

 

Ejder Basli

?

56?
(66)

?

?

800

Probably 66 gunner, if the crew was 800, and
there were listed 11x 65-79 gun ships.
(Mariner Mirror 84).

 

Yildiz Kicli

?

54

?

?

450

 

Ay Bagceli

?

54

?

?

450

 

Sari Kusakli

?

54

?

?

450

 

Kirmizi Kusakli

?

52

?

?

450

 

Yaldizli Nar

?

52

?

450

 

Baba Ibrahim

?

52

?

?

450

 

Mavi Arslan

?

50/52

?

450

Guns: 22-12, 28-8.

 

La Première

?

46

?

?

400

 

La Seconde

?

46

?

?

400

 

Kücük Sahin

?

46

?

400

 

Serce Kusu

?

44

?

?

350

 

Beyaz Sahin

?

38

?

?

300

 

Mavi Firkata

?

36

?

?

250

8, 4 pdrs.

 

La Bleue

?

?

?

?

?

?

 

Berid i Bahri
(Peribahri)

1746

?

?

?

?

?

3-decker.

 

Fatih I Bahri

1746

?

?

?

?

?

 

Nasr i Bahri
(Nassiribahri)

1748

?

?

?

?

?

3-decker.

 

Ziver i Bahri
(Siweribahri)

1751
(1752)

?

84

?

?

?

Very large ship, length 55 aunes (65,34 m).

 

?

1754

(1770)

100

?

?

?

 

 

(Nuveydu Futuh)
(Nuvid I Futuh)

1754

(1793)

54

?

51

?

Ordered to BU 1793.

 

Hisn i Bahri,
Meheng i Bahri,
Ankay i Bahri(1753),
Kilid i Bahri,
Kuhurevan

1750-1770s

?

84

?

?

?

2-deckers.

 

Tohfetoul Moulouk

1760

?

?

?

?

?

 

 

Ekr i Bahri

1767

?

46

Rodos

43,5

?

 

 

Humay i Bahri

1767

?

46

Rodos

43,5

?

 

 

Meskeni Ghazi

1767

?

?

?

?

?

 

 

Safer

1768

?

?

?

?

?

 

 

Burc u Zafer

1770

1770

86

?

?

?

Lost at Chios 1770.

 

Anka yi Bahri

1772

?

66

Istanbul

55,5

?

 

 

Mesudiye

1772

?

58

Sinop

51,5

?

 

 

Inayet i Hak

1773

?

54 (56)

Istanbul

47,5 (47)

?

 

 

Fethu´l Fettah

1774

?

62

Istanbul

53,5

?

 

 

Mazhar Tevfik

1774

?

46

France

43,5

?

Gift of France.

 

Ejder Basli/
Ejder Basil

1776

?

46

Galata

43,5

?

 

 

Meaid Fettuh
(Nüvid i Fütuh)?

1776

?

59-60

Sinop

51,5

?

 

 

Melik ul Bahr
(Melek i Bahri)

1776

1790

70
(66-74)

Istanbul

57,5

?

Captured by Russians at Tendra 1790.
Russian dimensions : 156-4 x 53-6 x 18-10 ft.
other reports: 165 x 55 x 27 ft.

 

Muradiye

1776

?

46

Rodos

43,5

?

 

 

Nasir i Bahri

1776

?

52

Istanbul

46

?

 

 

Ceylan i Bahr
(Ceyran i Bahri)

1777

(1801)?

52

Istanbul

45

?

 

 

Feyz i Huda

1777

?

58

Istanbul

51,5

?

 

 

Hediyyetul Muluk

1777

?

54

Fas

46,5

?

 

 

Hifz i Huda

1777
(1772)

<1793

58 (44)

Rodos

51,5
(39,5)

?

(Rebuilt later?, because listed in 1793 only 44-guns and 39,5 keel length) Ordered to BU in 1793.

 

Peleng i Bahri

1777

?

58

Sinop

51,5

?

 

 

Tevfik i Ilah
(Tevfil I Ilah)

1777

<1793

58 (44)

Rodos

51,5
(39,5)

?

(Rebuilt later?, because listed in 1793 only 44-guns and 39,5 keel length) Ordered to BU in 1793.

 

Korc i Zafer

1778

?

46

Galata

43,5

?

 

 

Sehbaz i Bahri

1779

?

46

Rodos

43,5

?

 

 

Malbaik Nesuret
(Gulbang i Nusrat)

1780-90

?

64-66

?

?

?

At Limnos 1807. (list by Zitat)
called some sources “Gulbang i Nusrat” of 74-guns.

 

Hilal i Zafer

1781

(1790)

74-76

Bodrum

?

?

(Foundered or surrendered 1790).

 

Medilli u Cedid

1781

?

58

Midilli

51,5

?

 

 

Ejder i Bahri

1782

?

58

Rodos

51

?

 

 

Nusret Ozdan

1782

?

54

Sinop

47,5

?

 

 

Pulad i Bahri

1782

?

44
(58)

Limnos

51,5

?

Carried only 44 guns in 1782 instead of 58 guns.

 

Cerid i Zafer

1783

?

52

Rodos

45

?

 

 

Fuean i Bahri

1783

?

54

Istanbul

47,5

?

 

 

Ikab i Bahri
(Ukab i Bahri)

1783

?

54 (46)

Midilli
(Sinop)

47,5
(41,5)

?

Built at Midilli (Zorfu p.150).

 

Maadem e Bahr

1783

?

54

Istanbul

47,5

?

 

 

Meal ul Nusret Bahr

1783

?

52

Fas

45

?

 

 

Sehbay i Bahri

1783

?

46

Marmara

43,5

?

 

 

Semend i Bahri

1783
(1782)

?

59-60

Istanbul

51

?

 

 

Tilsim i Bahri

1783

?

52

Rodos

45

?

 

 

Besir i Zafer

1784

?

54

Istanbul

46,5

?

 

 

Nasir i Cenk

1784
service

?

Sol

?

?

?

(From Bostan)

 

Bed i Nusret

1785

?

48

?

45

?

 

Peyk i Nusret

1786

service

?

Sol

?

?

?

(From Bostan)

 

Tair i Bahri

1786
service

?

Sol

?

?

?

(From Bostan)

 

Hüdaverdi

1787
prize

?

58

Kherson

53

?

Ex Russian 66-gun “Maria Magdalena” 1785.

 

Mukaddime i Nusret/
Mukaddime i Zafer

1786-87

1801

68-74

Istanbul

59,5

?

Sane 74-gun  Design.
Built by French shipbuilder Le Roi.
Ordered to be removed from use in 1801.

 

Bahr i Zafer

1789

?

72 (82)

Istanbul

55(55,5)

750

Selim’s Programme

 

Feyz-i Hüdâ

1789-90

?

72

Sinop

55 (51)

650

Selim’s Programme

 

Fakih i Zafar

1784-1790s

?

50

?

?

?

At Limnos 1807.

 

?

1790

?

?

Rhodes

47,5

?

(Zorfu p.152)

 

?

1790

?

?

Midilli

45,5

?

(Zorfu p.152)

 

Fethü l-Fettâh

(1790)

?

?

?

?

700

(Zorlu p.150)

 

Hilâl-i Zafer

1790

?

66 (56)

Bodrum

51 (49)

650

Selim’s Programme

 

Tevfîk-i Ilâhî

(1790)

?

?

?

?

450

(Zorlu p.150)

 

Kerem i Bahri

1790/91
service

?

Sol

?

?

?

(From Bostan / Zorlu)

 

Ukkâb- i Bahrî

1790-91

?

?

Midilli

45

?

(Zorfu p.149-50)

 

?

1791

?

?

Midilli

51

?

(Zorfu p.152, and 102, built by Konyali Ebubekir)

 

Burc i Zafer

1791
mentioned

?

48

?

45
(43)

?

Repaired 1791-92, still in use in 1801-02.(zorlu p.148).

 

Fâtih-i Bahrî

1791-92

1799

60 (64)

Sinop

47 (49)

550

Selim’s Programme
Condemned 1799 at Egypt.

 

Fed i Nusret

1791
service

?

Sol

?

?

?

(From Bostan)

 

Umman i Bahri

1791
service

?

Sol

?

?

?

(from Bostan)

 

?

1792

?

?

Gemlik

55

?

(Zorfu p.152)

 

?

1793

?

?

Canakkale/
Dardanelles

56,5

?

under construction by Iznikli Osman Bey 1793.
(Zorfu p.152)

 

Âsâr i Nusret

1793

?

74

Istanbul

55
(57,5)

800

Selim’s Programme.
Coppered in 1795.
builder : Ismail Kalfa
Blew up in action 19.2.1807, but repaired.

 

Ejder-i Bahrî

1793-94

?

74

Gemlik

57

850

Selim’s Programme

 

Nuvid I Futuh
(Meaid Fettuh)

1793
mentioned

<1793

54

?

51

?

Probably built built 1754 or 1776.
Ordered to BU 1793.

 

Pertev-i Nusret

1793-94
(1792)

?

68

Sinop

53

700

Selim’s Programme

 

Sehbâz-i Bahrî

1793-94
(1792)

?

74

Bodrum

57

850

Selim’s Programme

 

Zafer i Hümayun

1793

?

?

Istanbul

?

?

(Zorlu)

 

?

1794

?

?

Midilli

53,5

?

(Zorfu p.152)

 

Arslan i Bahri

1794

?

76

Istanbul

59

850

Builder: Le Brun
Selim’s Programme

 

?

1795

?

?

Sohum

?

?

(Zorfu p.152)

 

?

1795

?

?

Gemlik

51,5

?

2100 kantars of raw iron were used.
Built by A Numan Bey.
(zorlu p.102)

 

Heybet Endâz
(Jebel-Andaz)

1796-97

(1821)

76

Bodrum

59
(51)

850

Selim’s Programme.
At Limnos in 1807.
Some sources called  “Jebel-Andaz”
Possible destroyed by Greek fireships at Mitylene 1821.

 

Tevfik i Hüda

1796
service

?

?

?

?

?

Sol:used temporarily as a transport (Zorlu).
(Frigate) service in1791, purchased from Sweden
(From Bostan).

 

Zîver-i Bahrî

1796

?

68

Midilli

53

700

Selim’s Programme.

 

Bed i Nusret
(Bâdi-i Nusret)

1797

?

82

Istanbul

63
(65)

900

Builder: Le Brun
Selim’s Programme

 

Bes̹âretnümâ

1797-98

1807

76(74)

Gemlik

59

850

Selim’s Programme
Burnt at Limnos 1807.

 

Bisharet i Nyuma

1797

1807

86

Gemlik

?

?

Aground and scuttled 1807.
(same ship, that above?)

 

Sayyâd i Bahrî

1797
(1793)

?

74

Bozcaada

59

850

Selim’s Programme
at Limnos in 1807.

 

Selimiye

1797
(1796)

1841

122-132

Istanbul

62
67 design

1200

Builder: Le Brun
Selim’s Programme
Ordered 18.10.1794
Launched 22.2.1797
Ready in 1796 (zorlu)
(dimensions : 198 x 53 ft.?)
Based French Royal Louis of 1759.
132-guns in 1799 (British ambassador letter).
Orginally to be 67 zira when ordered 1794.
(Rebuilt 1808? of 128 guns.).
Zorlu :(1808):
147 x 50 x 25 x 23,5(displacement) kadem.
(zirai:73,5 keel x 25 beam x 12,5 Dh. x 11,75 mean Dr.)

 

?

1798

?

?

Gemlik

?

?

(zorlu p.102)
Built by A Numan Bey.

 

Menbâ i Nusret

1798

(1827)

?

?

57,5

?

From Bostan : listed as a frigate.
possibly cut down Sol.
Possible lost at Navarin in 1827.

 

Taus i  Bahrî

1798

?

84

Istanbul

(63)

(900)

(lost 1807)

 

Tavus i Bahrî

1798

(1807)

82

Istanbul

63

900

Builder: Le Brun
Selim’s Programme
At Limnos 1807.
(Lost 1807).

 

Tevfik i Bahrî

1798

?

86

?

(63)

(900)

Not sure this ship.